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Open AccessArticle

Fabrication of Adhesive Resistance Surface with Low Wettability on Ti6Al4V Alloys by Electro-Brush Plating

School of Mechanical Engineering, Shandong University of Technology, Zibo 255000, China
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Micromachines 2019, 10(1), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/mi10010064
Received: 17 December 2018 / Revised: 10 January 2019 / Accepted: 15 January 2019 / Published: 18 January 2019
Anti-adhesive Ni coatings with low wettability were successfully fabricated on Ti6Al4V substrates via an electro-brush plating method, and subsequently modified with a fluoroalkylsilane (FAS) film. The surface morphology, chemical compositions, and wettability of the as-prepared coatings were measured using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffractometer (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometry (FTIR), and contact angle measurements. The results showed that the surface of Ti6Al4V substrate was endowed with flower-like structures. Each flower-like cluster was constituted by a large number of Ni ions. After surface modification of FAS, the as-prepared Ti6Al4V surface had a water contact angle as high as 151.5°, a sliding angle close to 2.1°, and a solid surface energy as low as 0.97 mJ/m2. Potentiodynamic polarization tests showed that the Ni coating could provide a stable corrosion protection. In addition, the effects of processing conditions, such as working voltage, relative velocity, electrolyte concentration, and processing time, were investigated. The mechanism of the adhesive resistance was proposed, and the low wettability of Ti6Al4V surfaces was explained by Cassie–Baxter model. As a result, it was necessary to reduce the fraction of the solid–liquid interface in order to achieve anti-adhesive surface. View Full-Text
Keywords: adhesive resistance; low wettability; Ti6Al4V alloys; electro-brush plating adhesive resistance; low wettability; Ti6Al4V alloys; electro-brush plating
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dong, X.; Meng, J.; Zhou, H.; Xu, R.; Bai, X.; Zhang, H. Fabrication of Adhesive Resistance Surface with Low Wettability on Ti6Al4V Alloys by Electro-Brush Plating. Micromachines 2019, 10, 64.

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