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Toxins 2017, 9(1), 23;

Analysis of MicroRNA Expression Profiling Involved in MC-LR-Induced Cytotoxicity by High-Throughput Sequencing

College of Life Science, Henan Normal University, Xinxiang 453007, Henan, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miquel Lürling
Received: 1 December 2016 / Revised: 3 January 2017 / Accepted: 3 January 2017 / Published: 7 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Marine and Freshwater Toxins)
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In recent years, microRNAs (miRNAs) in toxicology have attracted great attention. However, the underlying mechanism of miRNAs in the cytotoxicity of microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is lacking. The objective of this study is to analyze miRNA profiling in HepG2 cells after 24 h of MC-LR-exposure to affirm whether and how miRNAs were involved in the cytotoxicity of MC-LR. The results showed that totally 21 and 37 miRNAs were found to be significantly altered in the MC-LR treated cells at concentrations of 10 and 50 μM, respectively, when compared to the control cells. In these two groups, 37,566 and 39,174 target genes were predicted, respectively. The further analysis showed that MC-LR-exposure promoted the expressions of has-miR-149-3p, has-miR-449c-5p, and has-miR-454-3p while suppressed the expressions of has-miR-4286, has-miR-500a-3p, has-miR-500a-5p, and has-miR-500b-5p in MC-LR-treated groups when compared to the control group. Moreover, the result of qPCR confirmed the above result, suggesting that these miRNAs may be involved in MC-LR-hepatotoxicity and they may play an important role in the hepatitis and liver cancer caused by MC-LR. The target genes for differentially expressed miRNAs in MC-LR treatment groups were significantly enriched to totally 23 classes of GO, in which three were significantly enriched in both 10 and 50 μM MC-LR groups. Moreover, the results of KEGG pathway analysis showed that MC-LR-exposure altered some important signaling pathways such as MAPK, biosynthesis of secondary metabolites, and pyrimidine and purine metabolism, which were possibly negatively regulated by the corresponding miRNAs and might play important role in MC-LR-mediated cytotoxicity in HepG2 cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: MC-LR; HepG2; microRNA; high-throughput sequencing; cytotoxicity MC-LR; HepG2; microRNA; high-throughput sequencing; cytotoxicity

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Ma, J.; Li, Y.; Yao, L.; Li, X. Analysis of MicroRNA Expression Profiling Involved in MC-LR-Induced Cytotoxicity by High-Throughput Sequencing. Toxins 2017, 9, 23.

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