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Open AccessReview

Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST80 Clone: A Systematic Review

1
Laboratoire d’Ecologie Microbienne, FSNV, Université de Bejaia, Bejaia 06000, Algeria
2
VBMI, INSERM U1047, Université de Montpellier, Service de Microbiologie et Hygiène Hospitalière, CHU Nîmes, 30029 Nîmes, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2020, 12(2), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12020119 (registering DOI)
Received: 23 December 2019 / Revised: 5 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 14 February 2020
This review assessed the molecular characterization of the methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-ST80 clone with an emphasis on its proportion of total MRSA strains isolated, PVL production, spa-typing, antibiotic resistance, and virulence. A systematic review of the literature was conducted on MRSA-ST80 clone published between 1 January 2000 and 31 August 2019. Citations were chosen for a review of the full text if we found evidence that MRSA-ST80 clone was reported in the study. For each isolate, the country of isolation, the sampling period, the source of isolation (the type of infection, nasal swabs, or extra-human), the total number of MRSA strains isolated, number of MRSA-ST80 strains, antibiotic resistance patterns, PVL production, virulence genes, and spa type were recorded. The data from 103 articles were abstracted into an Excel database. Analysis of the data showed that the overall proportion of MRSA-ST80 has been decreasing in many countries in recent years. The majority of MRSA-ST80 were PVL positive with spa-type t044. Only six reports of MRSA-ST80 in extra-human niches were found. This review summarizes the rise of MRSA-ST80 and the evidence that suggests that it could be in decline in many countries.
Keywords: MRSA; ST80 clone; Panton–Valentine leukocidin; epidemic; worldwide diffusion; human; extra-human; decline MRSA; ST80 clone; Panton–Valentine leukocidin; epidemic; worldwide diffusion; human; extra-human; decline
MDPI and ACS Style

Mairi, A.; Touati, A.; Lavigne, J.-P. Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus ST80 Clone: A Systematic Review. Toxins 2020, 12, 119.

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