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Article

Differences in Toxic Response Induced by Three Variants of the Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning Phycotoxins in Human Intestinal Epithelial Caco-2 Cells

1
Toxicology of Contaminants Unit, Fougères Laboratory, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), 35306 Fougères CEDEX, France
2
Viral Genetic and Biosecurity Unit, Ploufragan-Plouzané Laboratory, French Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health & Safety (ANSES), 22440 Ploufragan, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Toxins 2020, 12(12), 783; https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120783
Received: 6 November 2020 / Revised: 30 November 2020 / Accepted: 4 December 2020 / Published: 8 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Omic Technologies Applied to the Study of Marine Shellfish Toxins)
Diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) is caused by the consumption of shellfish contaminated with a group of phycotoxins that includes okadaic acid (OA), dinophysistoxin-1 (DTX-1), and dinophysistoxin-2 (DTX-2). These toxins are inhibitors of serine/threonine protein phosphatases 1 (PP1) and 2A (PP2A), but show distinct levels of toxicity. Aside from a difference in protein phosphatases (PP) inhibition potency that would explain these differences in toxicity, others mechanisms of action are thought to be involved. Therefore, we investigated and compared which mechanisms are involved in the toxicity of these three analogues. As the intestine is one of the target organs, we studied the transcriptomic profiles of human intestinal epithelial Caco-2 cells exposed to OA, DTX-1, and DTX-2. The pathways specifically affected by each toxin treatment were further confirmed through the expression of key genes and markers of toxicity. Our results did not identify any distinct biological mechanism for OA and DTX-2. However, only DTX-1 induced up-regulation of the MAPK transduction signalling pathway, and down-regulation of gene products involved in the regulation of DNA repair. As a consequence, based on transcriptomic results, we demonstrated that the higher toxicity of DTX-1 compared to OA and DTX-2 was consistent with certain specific pathways involved in intestinal cell response. View Full-Text
Keywords: phycotoxins; Caco-2 cells; transcriptomics; toxicity; okadaic acid; diarrheic shellfish poisoning phycotoxins; Caco-2 cells; transcriptomics; toxicity; okadaic acid; diarrheic shellfish poisoning
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huguet, A.; Drapeau, O.; Rousselet, F.; Quenault, H.; Fessard, V. Differences in Toxic Response Induced by Three Variants of the Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning Phycotoxins in Human Intestinal Epithelial Caco-2 Cells. Toxins 2020, 12, 783. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120783

AMA Style

Huguet A, Drapeau O, Rousselet F, Quenault H, Fessard V. Differences in Toxic Response Induced by Three Variants of the Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning Phycotoxins in Human Intestinal Epithelial Caco-2 Cells. Toxins. 2020; 12(12):783. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120783

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huguet, Antoine, Olivia Drapeau, Fanny Rousselet, Hélène Quenault, and Valérie Fessard. 2020. "Differences in Toxic Response Induced by Three Variants of the Diarrheic Shellfish Poisoning Phycotoxins in Human Intestinal Epithelial Caco-2 Cells" Toxins 12, no. 12: 783. https://doi.org/10.3390/toxins12120783

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