Parawixin2 Protects Hippocampal Cells in Experimental Temporal Lobe Epilepsy
AbstractEpilepsy is considered as one of the major disabling neuropathologies. Almost one third of adult patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) do not respond to current antiepileptic drugs (AEDs). Additionally, most AEDs do not have neuroprotective effects against the inherent neurodegenerative process underlying the hippocampal sclerosis on TLE. Dysfunctions in the GABAergic neurotransmission may contribute not only to the onset of epileptic activity but also constitute an important system for therapeutic approaches. Therefore, molecules that enhance GABA inhibitory effects could open novel avenues for the understanding of epileptic plasticity and for drug development. Parawixin2, a compound isolated from Parawixia bistriata spider venom, inhibits both GABA and glycine uptake and has an anticonvulsant effect against a wide range of chemoconvulsants. The neuroprotective potential of Parawixin2 was analyzed in a model of TLE induced by a long-lasting Status Epilepticus (SE), and its efficiency was compared to well-known neuroprotective drugs, such as riluzole and nipecotic acid. Neuroprotection was assessed through histological markers for cell density (Nissl), astrocytic reactivity (GFAP) and cell death labeling (TUNEL), which were performed 24 h and 72 h after SE. Parawixin2 treatment resulted in neuroprotective effects in a dose dependent manner at 24 h and 72 h after SE, as well as reduced reactive astrocytes and apoptotic cell death. Based on these findings, Parawixin2 has a great potential to be used as a tool for neuroscience research and as a probe to the development of novel GABAergic neuroprotective agents. View Full-Text
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Liberato, J.L.; Godoy, L.D.; Cunha, A.O.S.; Mortari, M.R.; de Oliveira Beleboni, R.; Fontana, A.C.K.; Lopes, N.P.; dos Santos, W.F. Parawixin2 Protects Hippocampal Cells in Experimental Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Toxins 2018, 10, 486.
Liberato JL, Godoy LD, Cunha AOS, Mortari MR, de Oliveira Beleboni R, Fontana ACK, Lopes NP, dos Santos WF. Parawixin2 Protects Hippocampal Cells in Experimental Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Toxins. 2018; 10(12):486.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liberato, José L.; Godoy, Lívea D.; Cunha, Alexandra O.S.; Mortari, Marcia R.; de Oliveira Beleboni, Rene; Fontana, Andréia C.K.; Lopes, Norberto P.; dos Santos, Wagner F. 2018. "Parawixin2 Protects Hippocampal Cells in Experimental Temporal Lobe Epilepsy." Toxins 10, no. 12: 486.
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