Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults
AbstractLimited evidence exists for the association between diet pattern and obesity phenotypes among Chinese adults. In the present study, we analyzed the cross-sectional data from 474,192 adults aged 30–79 years from the China Kadoorie Biobank baseline survey. Food consumption was collected by an interviewer-administered questionnaire. Three dietary patterns were extracted by factor analysis combined with cluster analysis. After being adjusted for potential confounders, individuals following a traditional southern dietary pattern had the lowest body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC); the Western/new affluence dietary pattern had the highest BMI; and the traditional northern dietary pattern had the highest WC. Compared to the traditional southern dietary pattern in multivariable adjusted logistic models, individuals following a Western/new affluence dietary pattern had a significantly increased risk of general obesity (prevalence ratio (PR): 1.06, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.03–1.08) and central obesity (PR: 1.07, 95% CI: 1.06–1.08). The corresponding risks for the traditional northern dietary pattern were 1.05 (1.02–1.09) and 1.17 (1.25–1.18), respectively. In addition, the associations were modified by lifestyle behaviors, and the combined effects with alcohol drinking, tobacco smoking, and physical activity were analyzed. Further prospective studies are needed to elucidate the diet-obesity relationships. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (DOCX, 448 KB)
A printed edition of this Special Issue is available here.
Share & Cite This Article
Yu, C.; Shi, Z.; Lv, J.; Du, H.; Qi, L.; Guo, Y.; Bian, Z.; Chang, L.; Tang, X.; Jiang, Q.; Mu, H.; Pan, D.; Chen, J.; Chen, Z.; Li, L. Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults. Nutrients 2015, 7, 5834-5849.
Yu C, Shi Z, Lv J, Du H, Qi L, Guo Y, Bian Z, Chang L, Tang X, Jiang Q, Mu H, Pan D, Chen J, Chen Z, Li L. Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults. Nutrients. 2015; 7(7):5834-5849.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yu, Canqing; Shi, Zumin; Lv, Jun; Du, Huaidong; Qi, Lu; Guo, Yu; Bian, Zheng; Chang, Liang; Tang, Xuefeng; Jiang, Qilian; Mu, Huaiyi; Pan, Dongxia; Chen, Junshi; Chen, Zhengming; Li, Liming. 2015. "Major Dietary Patterns in Relation to General and Central Obesity among Chinese Adults." Nutrients 7, no. 7: 5834-5849.