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Open AccessArticle

The Association of a Mediterranean-Style Diet Pattern with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Status in a Community Cohort Study

The Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, 55 King William Road, North Adelaide, South Australia 5006, Australia
Monash Centre for Health Research Implementation, School of Public Health and Preventative Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne 3004, Australia
School of Public Health, University of Queensland, Herston, Queensland 4006, Australia
Diabetes and Endocrine Unit, Monash Health, Clayton 3168, Australia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(10), 8553-8564;
Received: 31 August 2015 / Accepted: 12 October 2015 / Published: 16 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Pattern and Health)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common condition in reproductive-aged women. While lifestyle management is first-line treatment in PCOS, the dietary intake of women with PCOS is unclear and there is no research assessing dietary patterns of women with and without PCOS. The aim of this study was to examine dietary patterns in a large cohort of women with and without PCOS. Data were from 7569 participants in the 1973–1978 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study on Women’s Health population assessed at 2009 (Survey 5) (n = 414 PCOS, n = 7155 non-PCOS). Dietary patterns were evaluated using factor analysis and multiple logistic regressions assessed their associations with PCOS status. Three dietary patterns were identified that explained 27% of the variance in food intake between women with and without PCOS: Non-core foods; Meats and take-away and Mediterranean-style. The Mediterranean-style dietary pattern was independently associated with PCOS status. On adjusted analysis for each 1 SD increase in the Mediterranean-style dietary pattern, there was a 26% greater likelihood that women had PCOS. This may indicate an improvement in the quality of dietary intake following a diagnosis of PCOS. Future research should examine the contribution of dietary patterns to the incidence and severity of PCOS and the potential for modification of dietary patterns in the lifestyle management of PCOS. View Full-Text
Keywords: polycystic ovary syndrome; diet; dietary patterns; Australia polycystic ovary syndrome; diet; dietary patterns; Australia
MDPI and ACS Style

Moran, L.J.; Grieger, J.A.; Mishra, G.D.; Teede, H.J. The Association of a Mediterranean-Style Diet Pattern with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Status in a Community Cohort Study. Nutrients 2015, 7, 8553-8564.

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