Next Article in Journal
Anemia and Feeding Practices among Infants in Rural Shaanxi Province in China
Previous Article in Journal
Simple Sugar Intake and Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Epidemiological and Mechanistic Insight
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Nutrients 2014, 6(12), 5955-5974;

Sugar Intake, Obesity, and Diabetes in India

Diabetes Foundation (India), Safdarjung Development Area, New Delhi 110016, India
Center of Nutrition & Metabolic Research (C-NET), National Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol Foundation (N-DOC), Safdarjung Development Area, New Delhi 110016, India
Fortis C-DOC Center for Excellence for Diabetes, Metabolic Disease and Endocrinology, New Delhi-110048, India
Fortis Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi 110067, India
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2014 / Revised: 20 November 2014 / Accepted: 1 December 2014 / Published: 22 December 2014
Full-Text   |   PDF [640 KB, uploaded 22 December 2014]   |  


Sugar and sweet consumption have been popular and intrinsic to Indian culture, traditions, and religion from ancient times. In this article, we review the data showing increasing sugar consumption in India, including traditional sources (jaggery and khandsari) and from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Along with decreasing physical activity, this increasing trend of per capita sugar consumption assumes significance in view of the high tendency for Indians to develop insulin resistance, abdominal adiposity, and hepatic steatosis, and the increasing “epidemic” of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases. Importantly, there are preliminary data to show that incidence of obesity and T2DM could be decreased by increasing taxation on SSBs. Other prevention strategies, encompassing multiple stakeholders (government, industry, and consumers), should target on decreasing sugar consumption in the Indian population. In this context, dietary guidelines for Indians show that sugar consumption should be less than 10% of total daily energy intake, but it is suggested that this limit be decreased. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; obesity; sugar; India type 2 diabetes mellitus; obesity; sugar; India

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Gulati, S.; Misra, A. Sugar Intake, Obesity, and Diabetes in India. Nutrients 2014, 6, 5955-5974.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Nutrients EISSN 2072-6643 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top