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Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Cognition among Older People with Mild Cognitive Impairment

1
Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, Burwood 3125, Victoria, Australia
2
Academic Unit for Psychiatry of Old Age, St Vincent's Health, Department of Psychiatry, University of Melbourne, Melbourne 3052, Australia
3
Division of Population Sciences, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Centre for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Western Australia, Australia
4
Western Australia Centre for Health and Ageing, Western Australian Institute for Medical Research and Centre for Medical Research, University of Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Western Australia, Australia
5
School of Medicine and Pharmacology, University of Western Australia, Western Australia, Crawley 6009, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2012, 4(11), 1542-1551; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu4111542
Received: 21 August 2012 / Revised: 19 October 2012 / Accepted: 19 October 2012 / Published: 25 October 2012
There has been increasing interest in the influence of diet on cognition in the elderly. This study examined the cross-sectional association between dietary patterns and cognition in a sample of 249 people aged 65–90 years with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Two dietary patterns; whole and processed food; were identified using factor analysis from a 107-item; self-completed Food Frequency Questionnaire. Logistic regression analyses showed that participants in the highest tertile of the processed food pattern score were more likely to have poorer cognitive functioning; in the lowest tertile of executive function (OR 2.55; 95% CI: 1.08–6.03); as assessed by the Cambridge Cognitive Examination. In a group of older people with MCI; a diet high in processed foods was associated with some level of cognitive impairment. View Full-Text
Keywords: dietary patterns; cognition; mild cognitive impairment; executive function; memory dietary patterns; cognition; mild cognitive impairment; executive function; memory
MDPI and ACS Style

Torres, S.J.; Lautenschlager, N.T.; Wattanapenpaiboon, N.; Greenop, K.R.; Beer, C.; Flicker, L.; Alfonso, H.; Nowson, C.A. Dietary Patterns Are Associated with Cognition among Older People with Mild Cognitive Impairment. Nutrients 2012, 4, 1542-1551.

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