Next Article in Journal
Reducing Sodium in Foods: The Effect on Flavor
Next Article in Special Issue
Barclay, A.W. and Brand-Miller, J. The Australian Paradox: A Substantial Decline in Sugars Intake over the Same Timeframe that Overweight and Obesity Have Increased. Nutrients 2011, 3, 491-504
Previous Article in Journal
Gut Microbiota and Inflammation
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Australian Paradox: A Substantial Decline in Sugars Intake over the Same Timeframe that Overweight and Obesity Have Increased
Article

Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

1
Department of Diabetes, Aberdeen Royal Infirmary, Aberdeen AB25 2ZN, UK
2
Biomathematics and Statistics Scotland, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, UK
3
The Rowett Institute of Nutrition and Health, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB21 9SB, UK
4
Department of Diabetes & Cardiovascular Science, University of Highlands and Islands, Inverness IV2 3JH, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2011, 3(6), 683-693; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu3060683
Received: 5 May 2011 / Revised: 24 May 2011 / Accepted: 3 June 2011 / Published: 9 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Carbohydrates)
A recent Cochrane review concluded that low glycaemic index (GI) diets are beneficial in glycaemic control for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). There are limited UK data regarding the dietary GI in free-living adults with and without T2DM. We measured the energy and macronutrient intake and the dietary GI in a group (n = 19) of individuals with diet controlled T2DM and a group (n = 19) without diabetes, matched for age, BMI and gender. Subjects completed a three-day weighed dietary record. Patients with T2DM consumed more daily portions of wholegrains (2.3 vs. 1.1, P = 0.003), more dietary fibre (32.1 vs. 20.9 g, P < 0.001) and had a lower diet GI (53.5 vs. 57.7, P = 0.009) than subjects without T2DM. Both groups had elevated fat and salt intake and low fruit and vegetable intake, relative to current UK recommendations. Conclusions: Patients with T2DM may already consume a lower GI diet than the general population but further efforts are needed to reduce dietary GI and achieve other nutrient targets. View Full-Text
Keywords: type 2 diabetes mellitus; diet; glycaemic index; lifestyle; food intake type 2 diabetes mellitus; diet; glycaemic index; lifestyle; food intake
MDPI and ACS Style

McGeoch, S.C.; Holtrop, G.; Fyfe, C.; Lobley, G.E.; Pearson, D.W.M.; Abraham, P.; Megson, I.L.; MacRury, S.M.; Johnstone, A.M. Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients 2011, 3, 683-693. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu3060683

AMA Style

McGeoch SC, Holtrop G, Fyfe C, Lobley GE, Pearson DWM, Abraham P, Megson IL, MacRury SM, Johnstone AM. Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Nutrients. 2011; 3(6):683-693. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu3060683

Chicago/Turabian Style

McGeoch, Susan C., Grietje Holtrop, Claire Fyfe, Gerald E. Lobley, Donald W. M. Pearson, Prakash Abraham, Ian L. Megson, Sandra M. MacRury, and Alexandra M. Johnstone 2011. "Food Intake and Dietary Glycaemic Index in Free-Living Adults with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus" Nutrients 3, no. 6: 683-693. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu3060683

Find Other Styles

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop