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Effect of Lactobacilli on Paracellular Permeability in the Gut

Division of Applied Nutrition, Department of Food Technology, Engineering and Nutrition, Lund University, P.O. Box 124, SE-22100 Lund, Sweden
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Nutrients 2011, 3(1), 104-117; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu3010104
Received: 2 December 2010 / Revised: 28 December 2010 / Accepted: 11 January 2011 / Published: 12 January 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Probiotics and Nutrition)
Paracellular permeability is determined by the complex structures of junctions that are located between the epithelial cells. Already in 1996, it was shown that the human probiotic strain Lactobacillus plantarum 299v and the rat-originating strain Lactobacillus reuteri R2LC could reduce this permeability in a methotrexate-induced colitis model in the rat. Subsequently, many animal models and cell culture systems have shown indications that lactobacilli are able to counteract increased paracellular permeability evoked by cytokines, chemicals, infections, or stress. There have been few human studies focusing on the effect of lactobacilli on intestinal paracellular permeability but recently it has been shown that they could influence the tight junctions. More precisely, short-term administration of L. plantarum WCSF1 to healthy volunteers increased the relocation of occludin and ZO-1 into the tight junction area between duodenal epithelial cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: intestinal lactobacilli; probiotics; paracellular permeability; tight junctions intestinal lactobacilli; probiotics; paracellular permeability; tight junctions
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Ahrne, S.; Johansson Hagslatt, M.-L. Effect of Lactobacilli on Paracellular Permeability in the Gut. Nutrients 2011, 3, 104-117.

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