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Article

The Effectiveness of a Combined Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Sleep Hygiene Lifestyle Intervention on Health and Fitness of Overweight Airline Pilots: A Controlled Trial

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Te Huataki Waiora School of Health, The University of Waikato, Hamilton 3216, New Zealand
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Faculty of Health, Education and Environment, Toi Ohomai Institute of Technology, Tauranga 3112, New Zealand
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Sport and Exercise Science, School of Allied Health, Human Services and Sport, La Trobe University, Melbourne 3086, Australia
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Sports Performance Research Institute New Zealand, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland 1010, New Zealand
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Aviation and Occupational Health Unit, Air New Zealand, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
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New Zealand Rugby, Wellington 6011, New Zealand
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Izquierdo-Pulido
Nutrients 2022, 14(9), 1988; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091988
Received: 18 April 2022 / Revised: 1 May 2022 / Accepted: 6 May 2022 / Published: 9 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Combined Nutrition and Exercise Interventions in Community Groups)
(1) Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a three-component nutrition, sleep, and physical activity (PA) program on cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, and health behaviors in overweight airline pilots. (2) Methods: A parallel group study was conducted amongst 125 airline pilots. The intervention group participated in a 16-week personalized healthy eating, sleep hygiene, and PA program. Outcome measures of objective health (maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max), body mass, skinfolds, girths, blood pressure, resting heart rate, push-ups, plank hold) and self-reported health (weekly PA, sleep quality and duration, fruit and vegetable intake, and self-rated health) were collected at baseline and post-intervention. The wait-list control completed the same assessments. (3) Results: Significant group main effects in favor of the intervention group were found for all outcome measures (p < 0.001) except for weekly walking (p = 0.163). All objective health measures significantly improved in the intervention group when compared to the control group (p < 0.001, d = 0.41–1.04). Self-report measures (moderate-to-vigorous PA, sleep quality and duration, fruit and vegetable intake, and self-rated health) significantly increased in the intervention group when compared to the control group (p < 0.001, d = 1.00–2.69). (4) Conclusion: Our findings demonstrate that a personalized 16-week healthy eating, PA, and sleep hygiene intervention can elicit significant short-term improvements in physical and mental health outcomes among overweight airline pilots. Further research is required to examine whether the observed effects are maintained longitudinally. View Full-Text
Keywords: weight loss; nutrition; fruit and vegetable intake; aerobic capacity; moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; lifestyle medicine weight loss; nutrition; fruit and vegetable intake; aerobic capacity; moderate-to-vigorous physical activity; lifestyle medicine
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MDPI and ACS Style

Wilson, D.; Driller, M.; Winwood, P.; Clissold, T.; Johnston, B.; Gill, N. The Effectiveness of a Combined Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Sleep Hygiene Lifestyle Intervention on Health and Fitness of Overweight Airline Pilots: A Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1988. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091988

AMA Style

Wilson D, Driller M, Winwood P, Clissold T, Johnston B, Gill N. The Effectiveness of a Combined Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Sleep Hygiene Lifestyle Intervention on Health and Fitness of Overweight Airline Pilots: A Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2022; 14(9):1988. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091988

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wilson, Daniel, Matthew Driller, Paul Winwood, Tracey Clissold, Ben Johnston, and Nicholas Gill. 2022. "The Effectiveness of a Combined Healthy Eating, Physical Activity, and Sleep Hygiene Lifestyle Intervention on Health and Fitness of Overweight Airline Pilots: A Controlled Trial" Nutrients 14, no. 9: 1988. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14091988

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