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Article

The Association between Diet Quality and Health Status in Mobile Food Pantry Users in Northeastern Connecticut

1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA
2
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Breige McNulty
Nutrients 2022, 14(6), 1302; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061302
Received: 28 February 2022 / Revised: 14 March 2022 / Accepted: 16 March 2022 / Published: 19 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet Quality, Food Environment and Diet Diversity)
Low-income Americans tend to have poor diet quality and disease prevalence overall. Mobile food pantries aim to improve these outcomes, and have rarely been studied. This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the association between diet quality and health status in mobile food pantry users. Data were collected from two mobile food pantry sites in Northeastern Connecticut (n = 83). Sociodemographic food security and diet quality data were collected. Overall, diet quality was low among all participants with intakes of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains of concern. Participant adherence to the 2020–2025 US Dietary Guidelines were low, with no participants meeting recommendations for whole grains. Obesity, diabetes, and hypertension prevalence in this population exceeded national averages. After adjusting for covariates, hypertension was associated with higher dairy and added sugar intake, as well as a greater intake of added sugar from sugar-sweetened beverages (p < 0.05). Although results were not statistically significant, participants with obesity, diabetes, and hypertension showed a trend of having lower adherence to the guidelines than those without these chronic diseases. Questions assessing participant interest in changing their diets were also posed, indicating overall high interest in learning about current diet quality and weight improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: mobile food pantry; diet quality; health status; low-income; food insecurity; chronic disease mobile food pantry; diet quality; health status; low-income; food insecurity; chronic disease
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marmash, D.; Ha, K.; Sakaki, J.R.; Gorski, I.; Rule, B.; Puglisi, M.; Chun, O.K. The Association between Diet Quality and Health Status in Mobile Food Pantry Users in Northeastern Connecticut. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1302. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061302

AMA Style

Marmash D, Ha K, Sakaki JR, Gorski I, Rule B, Puglisi M, Chun OK. The Association between Diet Quality and Health Status in Mobile Food Pantry Users in Northeastern Connecticut. Nutrients. 2022; 14(6):1302. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061302

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marmash, Dalia, Kyungho Ha, Junichi R. Sakaki, Isabella Gorski, Brazil Rule, Michael Puglisi, and Ock K. Chun. 2022. "The Association between Diet Quality and Health Status in Mobile Food Pantry Users in Northeastern Connecticut" Nutrients 14, no. 6: 1302. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061302

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