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Review

Review of Dietary Recommendations for Twin Pregnancy: Does Nutrition Science Keep Up with the Growing Incidence of Multiple Gestations?

Department of Nutrition and Nutritional Value of Food, National Institute of Public Health NIH—National Research Institute, Chocimska St. 24, 00-791 Warsaw, Poland
Academic Editor: Fariba Aghajafari
Nutrients 2022, 14(6), 1143; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061143
Received: 7 January 2022 / Revised: 3 March 2022 / Accepted: 7 March 2022 / Published: 8 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition in Pregnancy and Child)
Recommendations for nutrition and the use of dietary supplements for pregnant women are updated on regular basis but it remains to be seen to what extent they may be applicable in twin pregnancies. The aim of this narrative review is to present the current state of knowledge about the energy and nutrient demand in twin pregnancy. There is general consensus in literature that the energy demand is higher than in a singleton pregnancy, but there is a lack of position statements from scientific societies on specific energy intake that is required. In turn, recommended maternal weight gain, which favors the normal weight of the neonate, has been determined. There is even a larger knowledge gap when it comes to vitamins and minerals, the body stores of which are theoretically used up faster. The greatest number of studies so far focused on vitamin D, and most of them concluded that its concentration in maternal blood is lower in twin as compared to singleton pregnancy. Few randomized studies focus on iron supplementation and there are no other studies that would assess dietary interventions. In light of a growing incidence of multiple pregnancies, more studies are necessary to establish the nutritional demands of the mother and the course of action for adequate supplementation. View Full-Text
Keywords: twin pregnancy; nutrition; requirements; supplementation; pregnancy outcomes twin pregnancy; nutrition; requirements; supplementation; pregnancy outcomes
MDPI and ACS Style

Wierzejska, R.E. Review of Dietary Recommendations for Twin Pregnancy: Does Nutrition Science Keep Up with the Growing Incidence of Multiple Gestations? Nutrients 2022, 14, 1143. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061143

AMA Style

Wierzejska RE. Review of Dietary Recommendations for Twin Pregnancy: Does Nutrition Science Keep Up with the Growing Incidence of Multiple Gestations? Nutrients. 2022; 14(6):1143. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061143

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wierzejska, Regina Ewa. 2022. "Review of Dietary Recommendations for Twin Pregnancy: Does Nutrition Science Keep Up with the Growing Incidence of Multiple Gestations?" Nutrients 14, no. 6: 1143. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061143

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