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Systematic Review

Sustainable Diets as Tools to Harmonize the Health of Individuals, Communities and the Planet: A Systematic Review

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Department of Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Physiotherapy and Podiatry, Universidad de Sevilla, 41015 Seville, Spain
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Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla, Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, CSIC, Universidad de Sevilla, 41015 Seville, Spain
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Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Hospital Universitario Virgen del Rocío, 41015 Seville, Spain
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Alimentta, Think Tank para la Transición Alimentaria, 18320 Santa Fe, Spain
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Department of Molecular Biology and Biochemistry Engineering, Area of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Pablo de Olavide University, Carretera de Utrera Km 1, 41013 Seville, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alexandra E. van den Berg and Kathryn M. Janda
Nutrients 2022, 14(5), 928; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050928
Received: 22 January 2022 / Revised: 17 February 2022 / Accepted: 21 February 2022 / Published: 22 February 2022
Background. Climate change and global health are inextricably linked. Thus, health systems and their professionals must adapt and evolve without losing quality of care. Aim(s). To identify health and environmental co-benefits derived from a sustainable diet and promotion strategies that favor its implementation. Methods. A systematic search for articles published on sustainable diets and human/planetary health published between 2013 and 2020 was conducted on the databases PubMed, Cinahl, Scopus and Trip from 4 to 7 May 2020 in accordance with the PRISMA guideline. Results. A total of 201 articles was retrieved, but only 21 were included. A calorie-balanced diet mainly based on food of plant origin that would allow the attainment of 60% of daily caloric requirements and a low protein intake from animal foods (focusing in fish and poultry) could significantly reduce global morbi-mortality and the dietary environmental impact maintaining a framework of sustainability conditioned by the consumption of fresh, seasonal, locally produced and minimally packaged products. Discussion. The implementation of sustainable diets requires working on the triangulation of concepts of food–health–environment from schools and that is permanently reinforced during all stages of the life by healthcare workers, who should establish the appropriate modifications according to the age, gender and health situation. View Full-Text
Keywords: healthy diets; sustainable diets; climate change; global health healthy diets; sustainable diets; climate change; global health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kowalsky, T.O.; Morilla Romero de la Osa, R.; Cerrillo, I. Sustainable Diets as Tools to Harmonize the Health of Individuals, Communities and the Planet: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2022, 14, 928. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050928

AMA Style

Kowalsky TO, Morilla Romero de la Osa R, Cerrillo I. Sustainable Diets as Tools to Harmonize the Health of Individuals, Communities and the Planet: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2022; 14(5):928. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050928

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kowalsky, Tatianna O., Rubén Morilla Romero de la Osa, and Isabel Cerrillo. 2022. "Sustainable Diets as Tools to Harmonize the Health of Individuals, Communities and the Planet: A Systematic Review" Nutrients 14, no. 5: 928. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050928

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