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Review

The Nutrition-Microbiota-Physical Activity Triad: An Inspiring New Concept for Health and Sports Performance

1
Laboratoire des Adaptations Métaboliques à l’Exercice en Conditions Physiologiques et Pathologiques (AME2P), Université Clermont Auvergne, CRNH Auvergne, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
2
M2iSH, UMR 1071 Inserm, USC-INRAE 2018, Microbes, Intestin, Inflammation et Susceptibilité de l’Hôte (M2iSH), Université Clermont Auvergne, CRNH Auvergne, 63000 Clermont-Ferrand, France
3
DMEM, Université de Montpellier, INRAE, 34000 Montpellier, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David C. Nieman
Nutrients 2022, 14(5), 924; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050924
Received: 25 January 2022 / Revised: 10 February 2022 / Accepted: 16 February 2022 / Published: 22 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Exercise, Microbiota, Health and Performance)
The human gut microbiota is currently the focus of converging interest in many diseases and sports performance. This review presents gut microbiota as a real “orchestra conductor” in the host’s physio(patho)logy due to its implications in many aspects of health and disease. Reciprocally, gut microbiota composition and activity are influenced by many different factors, such as diet and physical activity. Literature data have shown that macro- and micro-nutrients influence gut microbiota composition. Cumulative data indicate that gut bacteria are sensitive to modulation by physical activity, as shown by studies using training and hypoactivity models. Sports performance studies have also presented interesting and promising results. Therefore, gut microbiota could be considered a “pivotal” organ for health and sports performance, leading to a new concept: the nutrition-microbiota-physical activity triad. The next challenge for the scientific and medical communities is to test this concept in clinical studies. The long-term aim is to find the best combination of the three elements of this triad to optimize treatments, delay disease onset, or enhance sports performance. The many possibilities offered by biotic supplementation and training modalities open different avenues for future research. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; training; dysbiosis; eubiosis; diets; supplements; competitive microbiota; inter-organ crosstalk; sedentary; athletes; athletic performance; health exercise; training; dysbiosis; eubiosis; diets; supplements; competitive microbiota; inter-organ crosstalk; sedentary; athletes; athletic performance; health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Boisseau, N.; Barnich, N.; Koechlin-Ramonatxo, C. The Nutrition-Microbiota-Physical Activity Triad: An Inspiring New Concept for Health and Sports Performance. Nutrients 2022, 14, 924. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050924

AMA Style

Boisseau N, Barnich N, Koechlin-Ramonatxo C. The Nutrition-Microbiota-Physical Activity Triad: An Inspiring New Concept for Health and Sports Performance. Nutrients. 2022; 14(5):924. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050924

Chicago/Turabian Style

Boisseau, Nathalie, Nicolas Barnich, and Christelle Koechlin-Ramonatxo. 2022. "The Nutrition-Microbiota-Physical Activity Triad: An Inspiring New Concept for Health and Sports Performance" Nutrients 14, no. 5: 924. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14050924

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