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Article

Adverse Effects of Infant Formula Made with Corn-Syrup Solids on the Development of Eating Behaviors in Hispanic Children

1
The Saban Research Institute, Los Angeles, Children’s Hospital, Los Angeles, CA 90027, USA
2
Department of Epidemiology, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA 90007, USA
3
Department of Integrative Physiology, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Odysseas Androutsos and Evangelia Charmandari
Nutrients 2022, 14(5), 1115; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051115
Received: 30 January 2022 / Revised: 1 March 2022 / Accepted: 4 March 2022 / Published: 7 March 2022
Few studies have investigated the influence of infant formulas made with added corn-syrup solids on the development of child eating behaviors. We examined associations of breastmilk (BM), traditional formula (TF), and formula containing corn-syrup solids (CSSF) with changes in eating behaviors over a period of 2 years. Feeding type was assessed at 6 months in 115 mother–infant pairs. Eating behaviors were assessed at 12, 18 and 24 months. Repeated Measures ANCOVA was used to determine changes in eating behaviors over time as a function of feeding type. Food fussiness and enjoyment of food differed between the feeding groups (p < 0.05) and changed over time for CSSF and TF (p < 0.01). Food fussiness increased from 12 to 18 and 12 to 24 months for CSSF and from 12 to 24 months for TF (p < 0.01), while it remained stable for BM. Enjoyment of food decreased from 12 to 24 months for CSSF (p < 0.01), while it remained stable for TF and BM. There was an interaction between feeding type and time for food fussiness and enjoyment of food (p < 0.01). Our findings suggest that Hispanic infants consuming CSSF may develop greater food fussiness and reduced enjoyment of food in the first 2 years of life compared to BM-fed infants. View Full-Text
Keywords: breastmilk; child eating behavior questionnaire; corn-syrup solids; eating behavior; enjoyment of eating; food fussiness; formula; Hispanic; infant; obesity breastmilk; child eating behavior questionnaire; corn-syrup solids; eating behavior; enjoyment of eating; food fussiness; formula; Hispanic; infant; obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hampson, H.E.; Jones, R.B.; Berger, P.K.; Plows, J.F.; Schmidt, K.A.; Alderete, T.L.; Goran, M.I. Adverse Effects of Infant Formula Made with Corn-Syrup Solids on the Development of Eating Behaviors in Hispanic Children. Nutrients 2022, 14, 1115. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051115

AMA Style

Hampson HE, Jones RB, Berger PK, Plows JF, Schmidt KA, Alderete TL, Goran MI. Adverse Effects of Infant Formula Made with Corn-Syrup Solids on the Development of Eating Behaviors in Hispanic Children. Nutrients. 2022; 14(5):1115. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051115

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hampson, Hailey E., Roshonda B. Jones, Paige K. Berger, Jasmine F. Plows, Kelsey A. Schmidt, Tanya L. Alderete, and Michael I. Goran. 2022. "Adverse Effects of Infant Formula Made with Corn-Syrup Solids on the Development of Eating Behaviors in Hispanic Children" Nutrients 14, no. 5: 1115. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14051115

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