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Healthy Aging and Dietary Patterns

1
Geriatric Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Palermo, 90100 Palermo, Italy
2
Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, University of Enna “Kore”, 94100 Enna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Sareen Gropper
Nutrients 2022, 14(4), 889; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040889
Received: 30 December 2021 / Revised: 15 February 2022 / Accepted: 17 February 2022 / Published: 20 February 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Geriatric Nutrition)
A number of factors contribute to the complex process of aging, which finally define whether someone will or not develop age-associated chronic diseases in late life. These determinants comprise genetic susceptibility as well as various behavioral, environmental, and dietary factors, all of which have been shown to influence specific pathways regulating the aging process and the extension of life, which makes longevity a multidimensional phenomenon. Although a “miraculous elixir” or a “nutrition pill” are not plausible, researchers agree on the notion that nutritional factors have major impact on the risk of age-associated chronic non-communicable diseases and mortality. In recent years nutrition research in relation to health outcomes has considerably changed from focusing exclusively on single nutrients to considering combinations of foods rather than nutrients in isolation. Although research on specific nutrients is scientifically valid providing crucial evidence on the mechanisms by which nutrition impacts health, the recent switch targeting the multifaceted synergistic interplay among nutrients, other dietary constituents, and whole foods, has promoted emerging interest on the actions of total dietary patterns. This narrative review aims to describe some specific dietary patterns with evidence of associations with reduction in the incidence of chronic diseases allowing older adults to live a long-lasting and healthier life, and confirming the powerful impact nutrition can exert on healthy aging. View Full-Text
Keywords: aging; healthy aging; dietary pattern; longevity; diet; lifestyle; chronic; morbidity; mortality; cardiovascular aging; healthy aging; dietary pattern; longevity; diet; lifestyle; chronic; morbidity; mortality; cardiovascular
MDPI and ACS Style

Dominguez, L.J.; Veronese, N.; Baiamonte, E.; Guarrera, M.; Parisi, A.; Ruffolo, C.; Tagliaferri, F.; Barbagallo, M. Healthy Aging and Dietary Patterns. Nutrients 2022, 14, 889. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040889

AMA Style

Dominguez LJ, Veronese N, Baiamonte E, Guarrera M, Parisi A, Ruffolo C, Tagliaferri F, Barbagallo M. Healthy Aging and Dietary Patterns. Nutrients. 2022; 14(4):889. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040889

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dominguez, Ligia J., Nicola Veronese, Eleonora Baiamonte, Martina Guarrera, Angela Parisi, Chiara Ruffolo, Federica Tagliaferri, and Mario Barbagallo. 2022. "Healthy Aging and Dietary Patterns" Nutrients 14, no. 4: 889. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14040889

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