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Article

Key Stakeholder Perspectives on Introducing a Front-of-Pack Labelling Scheme on Packaged Foods in China: A Qualitative Study

1
The George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
2
School of Population Medicine and Public Health, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100730, China
3
Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
4
School of Public Health, Harbin Medical University, Harbin 150088, China
5
Chinese Nutrition Society, Beijing 100022, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Co-first author.
Academic Editor: Robert Hamlin
Nutrients 2022, 14(3), 516; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030516
Received: 23 October 2021 / Revised: 19 January 2022 / Accepted: 21 January 2022 / Published: 25 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Policies and Education for Health Promotion)
Front-of-pack (FoP) labelling on foods is recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to address the growing global burden of diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), but this policy has not yet been implemented in China. The aim of this study was to ascertain key stakeholders’ views on barriers and facilitators to developing a feasible and acceptable FoP labelling policy in the Chinese context. Semistructured interviews were used to elicit opinions from diverse representatives in roles of FoP labelling policy influence. Participants were identified by purposive and snowball sampling. The Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) was adopted to facilitate data collection and analysis. Themes and subthemes were generated using deductive and inductive approaches. Thirty participants were interviewed. The major barriers were the absence of national contextual analysis, perceived complexity of the process of policy development, disagreement on a preferred FoP labelling format, cost for the food industry, low priority compared to food safety policies, lack of existing regulatory framework or authorised nutrient profiling system, limited knowledge of FoP labelling, and the lack of planning and engagement with stakeholders. Facilitators included existing prerequisites, experiences and lessons from the pilot, policy coherence with Healthy China 2030, and support from external agents (e.g., WHO). Further efforts are required to develop and collate evidence to demonstrate the scientific, legal, and political feasibility of introducing effective FoP labelling. View Full-Text
Keywords: front-of-package nutritional labelling; food policy; China; stakeholder interview front-of-package nutritional labelling; food policy; China; stakeholder interview
MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, X.; Ye, L.; Xin, X.; Xiang, L.; Yu, Y.; Yan, R.; Wen, K.; Tian, M.; Jones, A.; Pettigrew, S.; Liu, W.; Yang, Y.; Zhang, J. Key Stakeholder Perspectives on Introducing a Front-of-Pack Labelling Scheme on Packaged Foods in China: A Qualitative Study. Nutrients 2022, 14, 516. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030516

AMA Style

Yin X, Ye L, Xin X, Xiang L, Yu Y, Yan R, Wen K, Tian M, Jones A, Pettigrew S, Liu W, Yang Y, Zhang J. Key Stakeholder Perspectives on Introducing a Front-of-Pack Labelling Scheme on Packaged Foods in China: A Qualitative Study. Nutrients. 2022; 14(3):516. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030516

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yin, Xuejun, Lihong Ye, Xin Xin, Lin Xiang, Yue Yu, Ruijie Yan, Kehan Wen, Maoyi Tian, Alexandra Jones, Simone Pettigrew, Wei Liu, Yuexin Yang, and Juan Zhang. 2022. "Key Stakeholder Perspectives on Introducing a Front-of-Pack Labelling Scheme on Packaged Foods in China: A Qualitative Study" Nutrients 14, no. 3: 516. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030516

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