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Article

Late-Night Overeating or Low-Quality Food Choices Late at Night Are Associated with Subclinical Vascular Damage in Patients at Increased Cardiovascular Risk

1
Cardiovascular Prevention & Research Unit, Clinic & Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Department of Medicine, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15772 Athens, Greece
2
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science and Education, Harokopio University of Athens, 17671 Kallithea, Greece
3
Department of Life Sciences, School of Sciences, European University of Cyprus, Nicosia 2404, Cyprus
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1st Department of Propaedeutic Internal Medicine, Medical School, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, 15772 Athens, Greece
5
Laboratory of Dietetics and Quality of Life, Department of Food Science & Human Nutrition, Agricultural University of Athens, 11855 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Karani S. Vimaleswaran
Nutrients 2022, 14(3), 470; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030470
Received: 22 December 2021 / Revised: 17 January 2022 / Accepted: 19 January 2022 / Published: 21 January 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition and the Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases)
Late-night overeating (LNO) is associated with several cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. Limited data exist regarding the association between late-night (LN) systematic food consumption, LNO, and LN poor food quality with subclinical vascular damage (SVD) which precedes the onset of CVD. This study aimed to investigate the above associations with SVD in a large sample of adults, free of established CVD, with one or more CVD risk factors. In total, 901 adults (45.2% males) underwent anthropometric, dietary (through two 24 h dietary recalls) and vascular assessment. LN systematic eating was defined as consumption of food after 19:00 h in both dietary recalls and LNO was defined as systematic consumption of >40% of daily total energy intake (dTEI) after 19:00 h. Systematic LN food consumption was inversely associated with diastolic blood pressure (DBP) (−1.44 95% C.I. (−2.76, −0.12)) after adjusting for age, sex, hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, smoking, BMI and dTEI. LNO was positively associated with existence of carotid plaques (1.70 95% C.I. (1.07, 2.68)), while LN increased consumption of red meat, refined grains and wine and low consumption of whole wheat grains was positively associated with Aix (Augmentation Index) (0.84 95% C.I. (0.09, 1.59)), after adjusting for all the mentioned confounders. Systematic LN eating is associated with lower DBP while systematic LNO and consumption of poor-quality food late at night, is associated with SVD. Further research is needed to define more accurately the impact of LN eating habits on vascular health. View Full-Text
Keywords: late-night overeating; subclinical vascular damage; cardiovascular disease; AIx; PWV (pulse wave velocity); carotid plaques late-night overeating; subclinical vascular damage; cardiovascular disease; AIx; PWV (pulse wave velocity); carotid plaques
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MDPI and ACS Style

Basdeki, E.D.; Koumi, K.; Tsirimiagkou, C.; Argyris, A.; Chrysostomou, S.; Sfikakis, P.P.; Protogerou, A.D.; Karatzi, K. Late-Night Overeating or Low-Quality Food Choices Late at Night Are Associated with Subclinical Vascular Damage in Patients at Increased Cardiovascular Risk. Nutrients 2022, 14, 470. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030470

AMA Style

Basdeki ED, Koumi K, Tsirimiagkou C, Argyris A, Chrysostomou S, Sfikakis PP, Protogerou AD, Karatzi K. Late-Night Overeating or Low-Quality Food Choices Late at Night Are Associated with Subclinical Vascular Damage in Patients at Increased Cardiovascular Risk. Nutrients. 2022; 14(3):470. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030470

Chicago/Turabian Style

Basdeki, Eirini D., Konstantina Koumi, Christiana Tsirimiagkou, Antonios Argyris, Stavri Chrysostomou, Petros P. Sfikakis, Athanase D. Protogerou, and Kalliopi Karatzi. 2022. "Late-Night Overeating or Low-Quality Food Choices Late at Night Are Associated with Subclinical Vascular Damage in Patients at Increased Cardiovascular Risk" Nutrients 14, no. 3: 470. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14030470

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