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Article

Herbs as an Active Ingredient in Sport: Availability and Information on the Internet

1
Department of Mechanical, Informatics and Aerospatiale Engineering, University of Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
2
Physiotherapy Department, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Campus de Vegazana, University of Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
3
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Institute of Biomedicine (IBIOMED), Veterinary Faculty, University of Leon, 24071 Leon, Spain
4
Psychology Department, Faculty of Medicine, Visiting Researcher of Basque Country University, 48900 Leioa, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Isabel Sospedra López and José Miguel Martínez-Sanz
Nutrients 2022, 14(13), 2764; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132764
Received: 9 June 2022 / Revised: 30 June 2022 / Accepted: 1 July 2022 / Published: 4 July 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Planning in Sports Nutrition)
The use of supplements containing herbal active ingredients in sport has increased in recent years. Their consumption is explained by the benefits they may provide and because their natural origin do not involve health complications, from the point of view of the consumers. The aim of this study is to analyze the availability of four supplements (caffeine, turmeric, ginseng, cannabidiol) on the internet and understand the nature of these websites. A descriptive, observational, and cross-sectional study design was used. A detailed search was carried out with specifically developed software. The searches and data evaluation took 10 days. The websites consulted correspond to those that sell supplements, or some sport websites in the case of the Spanish ones, whereas those in English belong to pharmacies, parapharmacies, or herbalists. It is concluded that the websites do not provide adequate information to ensure proper consumption and lack advice on the choices of supplements and their administration guidelines. View Full-Text
Keywords: medicinal herbs; caffeine; turmeric; ginseng; cannabidiol; internet availability; sport supplements medicinal herbs; caffeine; turmeric; ginseng; cannabidiol; internet availability; sport supplements
MDPI and ACS Style

Garcia, J.F.; Arribalzaga, S.; Díez, R.; Lopez, C.; Fernandez, M.N.; Garcia, J.J.; Diez, M.J.; Seco-Calvo, J.; Sierra, M.; Sahagún, A.M. Herbs as an Active Ingredient in Sport: Availability and Information on the Internet. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2764. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132764

AMA Style

Garcia JF, Arribalzaga S, Díez R, Lopez C, Fernandez MN, Garcia JJ, Diez MJ, Seco-Calvo J, Sierra M, Sahagún AM. Herbs as an Active Ingredient in Sport: Availability and Information on the Internet. Nutrients. 2022; 14(13):2764. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132764

Chicago/Turabian Style

Garcia, Juan F., Soledad Arribalzaga, Raquel Díez, Cristina Lopez, M. Nelida Fernandez, Juan J. Garcia, M. Jose Diez, Jesús Seco-Calvo, Matilde Sierra, and Ana M. Sahagún. 2022. "Herbs as an Active Ingredient in Sport: Availability and Information on the Internet" Nutrients 14, no. 13: 2764. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14132764

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