Next Article in Journal
Chemical Characterization and In Vivo Toxicological Safety Evaluation of Emu Oil
Previous Article in Journal
Selenium Supplementation in Pregnant Women with Autoimmune Thyroiditis: A Practical Approach
Article

The Influence of Obesity on Nutrition and Physical Activity during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case-Control Study

1
Department of General, Vascular and Oncological Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, 61 Żwirki i Wigury Street, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
2
Warsaw Obesity Center, Czerniakowski Hospital, 19/25 Stępińska Street, 00-739 Warsaw, Poland
3
Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 27 Erazma Ciołka Street, 01-445 Warsaw, Poland
4
Department of Education and Research in Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 14/16 Litewska Street, 00-581 Warsaw, Poland
5
Department of Prevention of Environmental Hazards and Allergology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 1a Banacha Street, 02-091 Warsaw, Poland
6
Department of Clinical Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Medical University of Warsaw, 27 Erazma Ciołka Street, 01-445 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Lidia Santarpia and Sebastian M. Meyhöfer
Nutrients 2022, 14(11), 2236; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112236
Received: 1 April 2022 / Revised: 4 May 2022 / Accepted: 25 May 2022 / Published: 27 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Section Clinical Nutrition)
Obesity is one of the important risk factors for a severe course of COVID-19. Maintaining a healthy body weight through diet and physical activity is a reasonable approach to preventing a SARS-CoV-2 infection or in alleviating its course. The goal of the study was to determine the influence of obesity on nutrition and physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic. A total of 964 respondents, including 227 individuals with a body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 were evaluated in this study. In the case of 482 respondents, including 105 individuals (21.8%) with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2, the data were collected during the pandemic period from 1 June to 31 August 2020. The remaining 482 individuals were the “pre-pandemic” group, selected via propensity score matching (PSM) out of the 723 National Health Program study participants whose data was collected in 2017–2019. The evaluated dietary health factors were quantitatively similar in patients with BMI of either <30 kg/m2 or ≥30 kg/m2 and showed no significant changes during the pandemic. The diets of those who suffered from obesity prior to the pandemic showed the evaluated unhealthy nutritional factors to be less pronounced in comparison with those of individuals with BMI < 30 kg/m2. During the pandemic, the BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 group showed a significant increase in the overall calorie intake (by 319 kcal; p = 0.001) and an increased consumption of total carbohydrates 299.3 ± 83.8 vs. 252.0 ± 101.5; p = 0.000), sucrose (51.7 ± 30.0 vs. 71.6 ± 49.9; p = 0.000), plant protein (26.3 ± 12.1 vs. 29.3 ± 8.3; p = 0.040), total fat (73.1 ± 42.6 vs. 84.9 ± 29.6; p = 0.011) and saturated fatty acids (29.5 ± 16.4 vs. 34.3 ± 13.9; p = 0.014) in comparison with the pre-pandemic period. The energy and nutritional value of the diets of BMI < 30 kg/m2 individuals did not change between the pre-pandemic and pandemic period. Before the pandemic, the level of leisure physical activity of the BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 group was significantly lower than of those with BMI < 30 kg/m2. Such differences were not observed in the levels of physical activity at work or school. The pandemic did not alter the amount of physical activity either during leisure time or at work/school in individuals with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2. However, respondents without obesity exercised significantly less during the pandemic than before. In conclusion, the pandemic altered the diets and levels of physical activity in the Polish population, with dietary changes observed in individuals with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 and changes in physical activity observed in those with BMI < 30 kg/m2. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; obesity; nutrition; pandemic COVID-19; obesity; nutrition; pandemic
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Wyleżoł, M.; Sińska, B.I.; Kucharska, A.; Panczyk, M.; Raciborski, F.; Szostak-Węgierek, D.; Milewska, M.; Samoliński, B.; Frączek, M.; Traczyk, I. The Influence of Obesity on Nutrition and Physical Activity during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case-Control Study. Nutrients 2022, 14, 2236. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112236

AMA Style

Wyleżoł M, Sińska BI, Kucharska A, Panczyk M, Raciborski F, Szostak-Węgierek D, Milewska M, Samoliński B, Frączek M, Traczyk I. The Influence of Obesity on Nutrition and Physical Activity during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case-Control Study. Nutrients. 2022; 14(11):2236. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112236

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wyleżoł, Mariusz, Beata I. Sińska, Alicja Kucharska, Mariusz Panczyk, Filip Raciborski, Dorota Szostak-Węgierek, Magdalena Milewska, Bolesław Samoliński, Mariusz Frączek, and Iwona Traczyk. 2022. "The Influence of Obesity on Nutrition and Physical Activity during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Case-Control Study" Nutrients 14, no. 11: 2236. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14112236

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop