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Review

Review of the Nutrition Situation in Jordan: Trends and Way Forward

1
Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, The Hashemite University, Zarqa 13133, Jordan
2
Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Faculty of Agricultural and Food Sciences, American University of Beirut, Beirut 1107 2020, Lebanon
3
Nutrition Department, Ministry of Health, Amman 11118, Jordan
4
Department of Nutrition and Food Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid 22110, Jordan
5
Science of Nutrition and Dietetics Program, College of Pharmacy, Al Ain University, Abu Dhabi 64141, United Arab Emirates
6
Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, World Health Organization, Cairo 7608, Egypt
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Riccardo Caccialanza
Nutrients 2022, 14(1), 135; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010135
Received: 13 November 2021 / Revised: 23 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 28 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Epidemiology)
Jordan is witnessing an escalating pace of nutrition transition, which may be associated with an increased burden of malnutrition and related non-communicable diseases. This review analyzes the nutrition situation in Jordan by exploring specific nutrition indicators, namely infant and young child feeding, low birthweight, micronutrient deficiencies, anthropometric indicators, and food consumption patterns. Results showed that although most children were ever breastfed and early initiation of breastfeeding had a two-fold increasing trend, rates of exclusive breastfeeding below 6 months of age and continued breastfeeding until two years of age were low. Complementary feeding indicators, particularly minimum diet diversity and minimum acceptable diet standards, were suboptimal. An overall low burden of stunting, wasting, and underweight among children under 5 years and remarkable progress in optimizing iodine status among school-aged children were reported. Conversely, the burden of low birthweight and overweight/obesity exacerbated, coexisting with anemia, vitamin A deficiency, and vitamin D deficiency. Overall, fruit and vegetable consumption were inadequate. The consumption of soft drinks and salt on the other hand was higher than recommended. This review acknowledges the double burden of malnutrition in Jordan and recommends the prioritization and evaluation of interventions towards improving the population’s nutritional status and achieving nutrition targets. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional status; malnutrition; infant and young child feeding; stunting; wasting; low birthweight; micronutrients; obesity; food consumption patterns nutritional status; malnutrition; infant and young child feeding; stunting; wasting; low birthweight; micronutrients; obesity; food consumption patterns
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MDPI and ACS Style

Al-Awwad, N.J.; Ayoub, J.; Barham, R.; Sarhan, W.; Al-Holy, M.; Abughoush, M.; Al-Hourani, H.; Olaimat, A.; Al-Jawaldeh, A. Review of the Nutrition Situation in Jordan: Trends and Way Forward. Nutrients 2022, 14, 135. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010135

AMA Style

Al-Awwad NJ, Ayoub J, Barham R, Sarhan W, Al-Holy M, Abughoush M, Al-Hourani H, Olaimat A, Al-Jawaldeh A. Review of the Nutrition Situation in Jordan: Trends and Way Forward. Nutrients. 2022; 14(1):135. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010135

Chicago/Turabian Style

Al-Awwad, Narmeen Jamal, Jennifer Ayoub, Rawhieh Barham, Wafaa Sarhan, Murad Al-Holy, Mahmoud Abughoush, Huda Al-Hourani, Amin Olaimat, and Ayoub Al-Jawaldeh. 2022. "Review of the Nutrition Situation in Jordan: Trends and Way Forward" Nutrients 14, no. 1: 135. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010135

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