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Systematic Review

Effectiveness and Usability of Digital Tools to Support Dietary Self-Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review

1
Department of Rehabilitation and Sport Sciences, Faculty of Health & Social Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth BH8 8GP, UK
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Centre for Midwifery, Maternal & Perinatal Health, Faculty of Health & Social Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth BH8 8GP, UK
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Department of Computing and Informatics, Faculty of Science and Technology, Bournemouth University, Poole BH12 5BB, UK
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Department of Nursing Science, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth BH8 8GP, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Dimitrios G. Goulis and Maria G. Grammatikopoulou
Nutrients 2022, 14(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010010
Received: 5 November 2021 / Revised: 15 December 2021 / Accepted: 17 December 2021 / Published: 21 December 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in the Nutrition of Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes)
Advice on dietary intake is an essential first line intervention for the management of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Digital tools such as web-based and smartphone apps have been suggested to provide a novel way of providing information on diet for optimal glucose regulation in women with GDM. This systematic review explores the effectiveness and usability of digital tools designed to support dietary self-management of GDM. A systematic search of Medline, Embase, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Cochrane Library, and Scopus using key search terms identified 1476 papers reporting research studies, of which 16 met the specified inclusion criteria. The quality of the included studies was assessed using the ErasmusAGE Quality Score or the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool (MMAT) version 2018. The findings show that the adoption of digital tools may be an effective approach to support self-management relating to healthy diet, health behaviour, and adherence to therapy in women with GDM as a usable intervention. However, there is a lack of evidence concerning the effectiveness of tools to support the dietary management of GDM. Consideration for ethnic specific dietary advice and evidence-based frameworks in the development of effective digital tools for dietary management of GDM should be considered as these aspects have been limited in the studies reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: gestational diabetes mellitus; lifestyle; dietary management; digital tool; smartphone apps gestational diabetes mellitus; lifestyle; dietary management; digital tool; smartphone apps
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adesina, N.; Dogan, H.; Green, S.; Tsofliou, F. Effectiveness and Usability of Digital Tools to Support Dietary Self-Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review. Nutrients 2022, 14, 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010010

AMA Style

Adesina N, Dogan H, Green S, Tsofliou F. Effectiveness and Usability of Digital Tools to Support Dietary Self-Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review. Nutrients. 2022; 14(1):10. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010010

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adesina, Nurudeen, Huseyin Dogan, Sue Green, and Fotini Tsofliou. 2022. "Effectiveness and Usability of Digital Tools to Support Dietary Self-Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Systematic Review" Nutrients 14, no. 1: 10. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14010010

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