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Article

Evaluation of the Food Choice Motives before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study of 1232 Adults from Croatia

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Psychiatric Hospital Ugljan, Otočkih Dragovoljaca 42, 23275 Ugljan, Croatia
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Nutrition ID Ltd., Vranovina 30, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Unit of Non-Communicable Diseases, Institute of Tropical Medicine, Nationalestraat 155, 2000 Antwerp, Belgium
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Centre for Applied Bioanthropology, Institute for Anthropological Research, Ljudevita Gaja 32, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
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Institute for Anthropological Research, Ljudevita Gaja 32, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Katarzyna Przybylowicz and Anna Danielewicz
Nutrients 2021, 13(9), 3165; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093165
Received: 19 August 2021 / Revised: 7 September 2021 / Accepted: 8 September 2021 / Published: 10 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Eating Habits and Disease Risk Factors)
The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic brought changes to almost every segment of our lives, including dietary habits. We present one among several studies, and the first on the Croatian population, aiming at investigating changes of food choice motives before and during the pandemic. The study was performed in June 2021 as an online-based survey, using a 36-item Food Choice Questionnaire applied for both the periods before and during the pandemic. The final sample consisted of 1232 adults living in Croatia. Sensory appeal was ranked as the number one most important food choice motive before, whereas health was ranked as the number one most important food choice motive during the pandemic. Ethical concern was reported as the least important food choice motive both before and during the pandemic. In women, natural content (p = 0.002), health, convenience, price, weight control, familiarity, and ethical concern (all p < 0.001) became more important during the pandemic, while price (p = 0.009), weight control, familiarity, and ethical concern (all p < 0.001) became more relevant for men. All together, these can be considered favorable changes toward optimal diets and may result in beneficial influences on health and lifestyle. Education strategies and efficiently tackling misinformation are prerequisites for informed food choice, which will ensure long-lasting positive effects of such changes. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; Croatia; determinants; food choice; Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ); lockdown; motives; SARS-CoV-2 COVID-19; Croatia; determinants; food choice; Food Choice Questionnaire (FCQ); lockdown; motives; SARS-CoV-2
MDPI and ACS Style

Sorić, T.; Brodić, I.; Mertens, E.; Sagastume, D.; Dolanc, I.; Jonjić, A.; Delale, E.A.; Mavar, M.; Missoni, S.; Peñalvo, J.L.; Čoklo, M. Evaluation of the Food Choice Motives before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study of 1232 Adults from Croatia. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3165. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093165

AMA Style

Sorić T, Brodić I, Mertens E, Sagastume D, Dolanc I, Jonjić A, Delale EA, Mavar M, Missoni S, Peñalvo JL, Čoklo M. Evaluation of the Food Choice Motives before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study of 1232 Adults from Croatia. Nutrients. 2021; 13(9):3165. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093165

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sorić, Tamara, Ivona Brodić, Elly Mertens, Diana Sagastume, Ivan Dolanc, Antonija Jonjić, Eva A. Delale, Mladen Mavar, Saša Missoni, José L. Peñalvo, and Miran Čoklo. 2021. "Evaluation of the Food Choice Motives before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-Sectional Study of 1232 Adults from Croatia" Nutrients 13, no. 9: 3165. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13093165

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