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Article

Pulse Intake Improves Nutrient Density among US Adult Consumers

1
Diet Assessment Center, Department of Nutritional Sciences, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA
2
Pulse Canada, Winnipeg, MB R3C 0A5, Canada
3
Creme Global Ltd., D02 P956 Dublin, Ireland
4
USA Dry Pea & Lentil Council, American Pulse Association, Moscow, ID 83843, USA
5
PepsiCo, Inc., Plano, TX 75024, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Henry J. Thompson
Nutrients 2021, 13(8), 2668; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082668
Received: 21 June 2021 / Revised: 23 July 2021 / Accepted: 29 July 2021 / Published: 31 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Value of Pulses and Whole Grains)
The objective was to examine trends in pulse (dry beans, dry peas, chickpeas and lentils) intake over a 10-year period and to compare nutrient intakes of pulse consumers and non-consumers to better understand the impact of pulse consumption on diet quality in the US population. NHANES 2003–2014 data for respondents (≥19 years) with 2 days of intake was used to evaluate trends in pulse intake. Pulse consumers were identified as those NHANES respondents who consumed pulses on one or both days. Differences in energy adjusted nutrient intakes between non-consumers and consumers were assessed. There were no significant trends in pulse intakes for the total population or for pulse consumers over the 10-year period. In 2013–2014, approximately 27% of adults consumed pulses with an intake of 70.9 ± 2.5 g/day over 2 days, just slightly <0.5 cup equivalents/day. At all levels of consumption, consumers had higher (p < 0.01) energy adjusted intakes of fiber, folate, magnesium. Higher energy adjusted intakes for potassium, zinc, iron and choline and lower intakes of fat were observed for consumers than for non-consumers at intakes ≥69.4 ± 1.01 g/day. These data suggest that pulse consumption in the US population may result in better diet quality with diets that are more nutrient dense than those without pulses. View Full-Text
Keywords: pulses; National Health and Examination Survey (NHANES); diet quality; nutrient density; legumes pulses; National Health and Examination Survey (NHANES); diet quality; nutrient density; legumes
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mitchell, D.C.; Marinangeli, C.P.F.; Pigat, S.; Bompola, F.; Campbell, J.; Pan, Y.; Curran, J.M.; Cai, D.J.; Jaconis, S.Y.; Rumney, J. Pulse Intake Improves Nutrient Density among US Adult Consumers. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2668. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082668

AMA Style

Mitchell DC, Marinangeli CPF, Pigat S, Bompola F, Campbell J, Pan Y, Curran JM, Cai DJ, Jaconis SY, Rumney J. Pulse Intake Improves Nutrient Density among US Adult Consumers. Nutrients. 2021; 13(8):2668. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082668

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mitchell, Diane C., Christopher P. F. Marinangeli, Sandrine Pigat, Foteini Bompola, Jessie Campbell, Yang Pan, Julianne M. Curran, David J. Cai, Susan Y. Jaconis, and Jeff Rumney. 2021. "Pulse Intake Improves Nutrient Density among US Adult Consumers" Nutrients 13, no. 8: 2668. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13082668

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