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Article

The Role of BMI, Body Fat Mass and Visceral Fat in Executive Function in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity

1
Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
2
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Science University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
3
Alicante Institute for Health and Biomedical Research (ISABIAL-FISABIO Foundation), 03010 Alicante, Spain
4
Faculty of Health Science, University of Alicante, 03690 Alicante, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Elvira Verduci and Gian Vincenzo Zuccotti
Nutrients 2021, 13(7), 2259; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072259
Received: 21 May 2021 / Revised: 24 June 2021 / Accepted: 26 June 2021 / Published: 30 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Diet and Nutrition in Preventing Abdominal Obesity)
Evidence accumulated to date suggests that excess weight in the adult population is associated with a wide range of impairments in executive function. However, most studies have only examined the influence of body mass index (BMI) on the cognitive function of individuals with overweight and obesity. This study examined the potential associations of markers of adiposity (BMI, body fat, and visceral fat) with five domains of executive function including cognitive flexibility, inhibition, monitoring, planning, and working memory in a sample of 87 adult with overweight (n = 34) and obesity (n = 53). The results show that obese people had poorer working memory than those with overweight. After controlling for educational levels and physical activity, the results suggest that neither the waist–hip index not visceral fat were associated with cognitive function. In overweight, body fat was negatively associated with executive components of inhibition (p = 0.05) and monitoring (p = 0.02). In the obesity subgroup, body fat was negatively associated with inhibition (0.02) and working memory (0.04). The results provide evidence of the importance of adiposity for cognitive function. The implications for understanding the influence of markers of adiposity in adults with overweight and obesity are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: overweight; obesity; executive function; adiposity overweight; obesity; executive function; adiposity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sánchez-SanSegundo, M.; Zaragoza-Martí, A.; Martin-LLaguno, I.; Berbegal, M.; Ferrer-Cascales, R.; Hurtado-Sánchez, J.A. The Role of BMI, Body Fat Mass and Visceral Fat in Executive Function in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity. Nutrients 2021, 13, 2259. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072259

AMA Style

Sánchez-SanSegundo M, Zaragoza-Martí A, Martin-LLaguno I, Berbegal M, Ferrer-Cascales R, Hurtado-Sánchez JA. The Role of BMI, Body Fat Mass and Visceral Fat in Executive Function in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity. Nutrients. 2021; 13(7):2259. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072259

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sánchez-SanSegundo, Miriam, Ana Zaragoza-Martí, Iciar Martin-LLaguno, Marina Berbegal, Rosario Ferrer-Cascales, and José Antonio Hurtado-Sánchez. 2021. "The Role of BMI, Body Fat Mass and Visceral Fat in Executive Function in Individuals with Overweight and Obesity" Nutrients 13, no. 7: 2259. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072259

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