Next Article in Journal
Depression and Vegetarians: Association between Dietary Vitamin B6, B12 and Folate Intake and Global and Subcortical Brain Volumes
Next Article in Special Issue
Colostrum Therapy for Human Gastrointestinal Health and Disease
Previous Article in Journal
Hepatic Nfe2l2 Is Not an Essential Mediator of the Metabolic Phenotype Produced by Dietary Methionine Restriction
Previous Article in Special Issue
Effects of Bovine Colostrum with or without Egg on In Vitro Bacterial-Induced Intestinal Damage with Relevance for SIBO and Infectious Diarrhea
Review

The Use of Bovine Colostrum in Sport and Exercise

School of Sport and Exercise Sciences, Division of Natural Sciences, University of Kent, Canterbury CT2 7PE, UK
Academic Editor: David C. Nieman
Nutrients 2021, 13(6), 1789; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061789
Received: 10 April 2021 / Revised: 20 May 2021 / Accepted: 22 May 2021 / Published: 24 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Use of Bovine Colostrum in Medical Practice and Human Health)
There has been a great deal of interest in bovine colostrum within sports nutrition over the last 25 years. Studies have investigated the effects on body composition, physical performance, recovery, gut damage and permeability, immune function, and illness risk. This narrative review considers available evidence in each of these areas. Although some studies have shown protection against performance decrements caused by periods of intensified training, there is limited evidence for effects on body composition and physical performance. There is stronger evidence for benefit on gut permeability and damage markers and on immune function and illness risk, especially during periods of intensified training. The balance of available evidence for gut permeability and illness risk is positive, but further research is required to fully determine all mechanisms responsible for these effects. Early suggestions that supplementation with bovine colostrum products could increase systemic IGF-1 levels are not supported by the balance of available evidence examining a range of doses over both short- and long-term periods. Nevertheless, dose–response studies would be valuable for determining the minimum efficacious dose, although this is complicated by variability in bioactivity between products, making any dose–response findings applicable only to the specific products used in such studies. View Full-Text
Keywords: immunity; illness; upper respiratory infection; athlete; gut permeability; gastrointestinal; performance; training; intensified immunity; illness; upper respiratory infection; athlete; gut permeability; gastrointestinal; performance; training; intensified
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Davison, G. The Use of Bovine Colostrum in Sport and Exercise. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1789. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061789

AMA Style

Davison G. The Use of Bovine Colostrum in Sport and Exercise. Nutrients. 2021; 13(6):1789. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061789

Chicago/Turabian Style

Davison, Glen. 2021. "The Use of Bovine Colostrum in Sport and Exercise" Nutrients 13, no. 6: 1789. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13061789

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop