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Review

Management of Childhood Obesity—Time to Shift from Generalized to Personalized Intervention Strategies

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Department of Sport Science, Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
2
Division of Sport, Physical Activity and Health, University College of Teacher Education Upper Austria, A-4020 Linz, Austria
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Nutritional Physiology & Toxicology Division, INSERM UMR 1231, Université de Bourgogne, F-21000 Dijon, France
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Department of Subject Didactics and Educational Research & Development, University College of Teacher Education Tyrol, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
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Life and Health Science Cluster Tirol, Subcluster Health/Medicine/Psychology, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
6
Research Center Medical Humanities, Leopold-Franzens University of Innsbruck, A-6020 Innsbruck, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Odysseas Androutsos and Evangelia Charmandari
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1200; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041200
Received: 30 January 2021 / Revised: 30 March 2021 / Accepted: 2 April 2021 / Published: 6 April 2021
As a major public health concern, childhood obesity is a multifaceted and multilevel metabolic disorder influenced by genetic and behavioral aspects. While genetic risk factors contribute to and interact with the onset and development of excess body weight, available evidence indicates that several modifiable obesogenic behaviors play a crucial role in the etiology of childhood obesity. Although a variety of systematic reviews and meta-analyses have reported the effectiveness of several interventions in community-based, school-based, and home-based programs regarding childhood obesity, the prevalence of children with excess body weight remains high. Additionally, researchers and pediatric clinicians are often encountering several challenges and the characteristics of an optimal weight management strategy remain controversial. Strategies involving a combination of physical activity, nutritional, and educational interventions are likely to yield better outcomes compared to single-component strategies but various prohibitory limitations have been reported in practice. This review seeks to (i) provide a brief overview of the current preventative and therapeutic approaches towards childhood obesity, (ii) discuss the complexity and limitations of research in the childhood obesity area, and (iii) suggest an Etiology-Based Personalized Intervention Strategy Targeting Childhood Obesity (EPISTCO). This purposeful approach includes prioritized nutritional, educational, behavioral, and physical activity intervention strategies directly based on the etiology of obesity and interpretation of individual characteristics. View Full-Text
Keywords: children; adolescents; overweight; obesity; weight management; lifestyle; body composition children; adolescents; overweight; obesity; weight management; lifestyle; body composition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Motevalli, M.; Drenowatz, C.; Tanous, D.R.; Khan, N.A.; Wirnitzer, K. Management of Childhood Obesity—Time to Shift from Generalized to Personalized Intervention Strategies. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1200. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041200

AMA Style

Motevalli M, Drenowatz C, Tanous DR, Khan NA, Wirnitzer K. Management of Childhood Obesity—Time to Shift from Generalized to Personalized Intervention Strategies. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1200. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041200

Chicago/Turabian Style

Motevalli, Mohamad, Clemens Drenowatz, Derrick R. Tanous, Naim A. Khan, and Katharina Wirnitzer. 2021. "Management of Childhood Obesity—Time to Shift from Generalized to Personalized Intervention Strategies" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1200. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041200

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