Next Article in Journal
The IHAT-GUT Iron Supplementation Trial in Rural Gambia: Barriers, Facilitators, and Benefits
Next Article in Special Issue
Antenatal Determinants of Childhood Obesity in High-Risk Offspring: Protocol for the DiGest Follow-Up Study
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of Maternal Nutritional Supplementation during Pregnancy and Lactation on the Infant Gut or Breastmilk Microbiota: A Systematic Review
Previous Article in Special Issue
Lifestyle Changes and Determinants of Children’s and Adolescents’ Body Weight Increase during the First COVID-19 Lockdown in Greece: The COV-EAT Study
Review

The Influence of Parental Dietary Behaviors and Practices on Children’s Eating Habits

1
Growth, Exercise, Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), University of Zaragoza, 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
2
Instituto Agroalimentario de Aragón (IA2), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón (IIS Aragón), 50009 Zaragoza, Spain
4
Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red de Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición (CIBERObn), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28040 Madrid, Spain
5
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, School of Health Science & Education, Harokopio University, 17671 Athens, Greece
6
Institute of Agri-food and Life Sciences, Hellenic Mediterranean University Research Centre, 71410 Heraklion, Greece
7
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II, Instituto de Nutrición y Tecnología de los Alimentos, Center of Biomedical Research (CIBM), Universidad de Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marilyn Cornelis
Nutrients 2021, 13(4), 1138; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041138
Received: 11 February 2021 / Revised: 12 March 2021 / Accepted: 26 March 2021 / Published: 30 March 2021
Poor dietary habits established during childhood might persist into adulthood, increasing the risk of developing obesity and obesity-related complications such as Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. It has been found that early modifications in eating habits, especially during childhood, might promote health and decrease the risk of developing diseases during later life. Various studies found a great influence of parental dietary habits on dietary behaviors of their children regardless of demographic characteristics such as gender, age, socioeconomic status and country; however, the exact mechanism is still not clear. Therefore, in this review, we aimed to investigate both parents’ and children’s dietary behaviors, and to provide evidence for the potential influence of parents’ dietary behaviors and practices on certain children’s eating habits. Family meals were found to contribute the most in modeling children’s dietary habits as they represent an important moment of control and interaction between parents and their children. The parental practices that influenced their children most were role modeling and moderate restriction, suggesting that the increase of parental encouragement and decrease of excessive pressure could have a positive impact in their children’s dietary behaviors. This narrative review highlights that parental child-feeding behaviors should receive more attention in research studies as modifiable risk factors, which could help to design future dietary interventions and policies to prevent dietary-related diseases. View Full-Text
Keywords: parents; dietary intake; feeding practices; children; family meals; breakfast; snacking habits parents; dietary intake; feeding practices; children; family meals; breakfast; snacking habits
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mahmood, L.; Flores-Barrantes, P.; Moreno, L.A.; Manios, Y.; Gonzalez-Gil, E.M. The Influence of Parental Dietary Behaviors and Practices on Children’s Eating Habits. Nutrients 2021, 13, 1138. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041138

AMA Style

Mahmood L, Flores-Barrantes P, Moreno LA, Manios Y, Gonzalez-Gil EM. The Influence of Parental Dietary Behaviors and Practices on Children’s Eating Habits. Nutrients. 2021; 13(4):1138. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041138

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mahmood, Lubna, Paloma Flores-Barrantes, Luis A. Moreno, Yannis Manios, and Esther M. Gonzalez-Gil 2021. "The Influence of Parental Dietary Behaviors and Practices on Children’s Eating Habits" Nutrients 13, no. 4: 1138. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13041138

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop