Next Article in Journal
How Changes in the Nutritional Landscape Shape Gut Immunometabolism
Next Article in Special Issue
The Gut Microbiome in Schizophrenia and the Potential Benefits of Prebiotic and Probiotic Treatment
Previous Article in Journal
Plasma B Vitamers: Population Epidemiology and Parent-Child Concordance in Children and Adults
Previous Article in Special Issue
Dietary Patterns Are Differentially Associated with Atypical and Melancholic Subtypes of Depression
nutrients-logo
Article Menu
Article

‘An Apple a Day’?: Psychiatrists, Psychologists and Psychotherapists Report Poor Literacy for Nutritional Medicine: International Survey Spanning 52 Countries

1
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapeutic Medicine, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria
2
Iuliu Hațieganu University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, 400000 Cluj-Napoca, Romania
3
Department of Medical Psychology and Psychotherapy, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria
4
Otto Loewi Research Center (for Vascular Biology, Immunology and Inflammation), Division of Immunology and Pathophysiology, Medical University of Graz, 8036 Graz, Austria
5
Department of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, University Clinic for Psychiatry, Christian-Doppler-Klinik, 5020 Salzburg, Austria
6
Health Psychology Unit, Institute of Psychology, University of Graz, 8010 Graz, Austria
7
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Clinical Division of Social Psychiatry, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
8
Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy II, Ulm University, 89070 Ulm, Germany
9
Psychiatrist in Private Sector, Psychotherapist in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Independent Researcher, No 26-28 Dumitru Sergiu street, sector 1, 011026 Bucharest, Romania
10
Psychiatrist in private practice, 3HaNechoshet St., Tel-Aviv 6971068, Israel
11
Department of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Novi Sad, 21137 Novi Sad, Serbia
12
Clinic of Psychiatry, Clinical Center of Vojvodina, 21000 Novi Sad, Serbia
13
Department of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience, University College Cork, T12YT20 Cork, Ireland
14
Teaching Unit of Psychiatry and Psychological Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Valencia, CIBERSAM, 46010 Valencia, Spain
15
University Psychiatric Hospital Vrapče, University of Zagreb School of Medicine, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
16
Center for Clinical Psychiatry, University Psychiatric Clinic Ljubljana, 1260 Ljubljana, Slovenia
17
Clinic of Psychiatry, Institute of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, 03101 Vilnius, Lithuania
18
Department of Psychiatric Emergency and Acute Care, Lapeyronie Hospital, University of Montpellier, INSERM, CHU de Montpellier, 34295 Montpellier, France
19
School of Psychiatry, UNSW Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesca Giampieri
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 822; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030822
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 16 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 2 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition, Lifestyle and Mood Disorders)
Nutritional interventions have beneficial effects on certain psychiatric disorder symptomatology and common physical health comorbidities. However, studies evaluating nutritional literacy in mental health professionals (MHP) are scarce. This study aimed to assess the across 52 countries. Surveys were distributed via colleagues and professional societies. Data were collected regarding self-reported general nutrition knowledge, nutrition education, learning opportunities, and the tendency to recommend food supplements or prescribe specific diets in clinical practice. In total, 1056 subjects participated in the study: 354 psychiatrists, 511 psychologists, 44 psychotherapists, and 147 MHPs in-training. All participants believed the diet quality of individuals with mental disorders was poorer compared to the general population (p < 0.001). The majority of the psychiatrists (74.2%) and psychologists (66.3%) reported having no training in nutrition. Nevertheless, many of them used nutrition approaches, with 58.6% recommending supplements and 43.8% recommending specific diet strategies to their patients. Only 0.8% of participants rated their education regarding nutrition as ‘very good.’ Almost all (92.9%) stated they would like to expand their knowledge regarding ‘Nutritional Psychiatry.’ There is an urgent need to integrate nutrition education into MHP training, ideally in collaboration with nutrition experts to achieve best practice care. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutritional psychiatry; mental health professionals; psychiatrists; psychologists; psychotherapists; education; psychiatric disorders; diet; supplements; nutrition nutritional psychiatry; mental health professionals; psychiatrists; psychologists; psychotherapists; education; psychiatric disorders; diet; supplements; nutrition
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Mörkl, S.; Stell, L.; Buhai, D.V.; Schweinzer, M.; Wagner-Skacel, J.; Vajda, C.; Lackner, S.; Bengesser, S.A.; Lahousen, T.; Painold, A.; Oberascher, A.; Tatschl, J.M.; Fellinger, M.; Müller-Stierlin, A.; Serban, A.C.; Ben-Sheetrit, J.; Vejnovic, A.-M.; Butler, M.I.; Balanzá-Martínez, V.; Zaja, N.; Rus-Prelog, P.; Strumila, R.; Teasdale, S.B.; Reininghaus, E.Z.; Holasek, S.J. ‘An Apple a Day’?: Psychiatrists, Psychologists and Psychotherapists Report Poor Literacy for Nutritional Medicine: International Survey Spanning 52 Countries. Nutrients 2021, 13, 822. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030822

AMA Style

Mörkl S, Stell L, Buhai DV, Schweinzer M, Wagner-Skacel J, Vajda C, Lackner S, Bengesser SA, Lahousen T, Painold A, Oberascher A, Tatschl JM, Fellinger M, Müller-Stierlin A, Serban AC, Ben-Sheetrit J, Vejnovic A-M, Butler MI, Balanzá-Martínez V, Zaja N, Rus-Prelog P, Strumila R, Teasdale SB, Reininghaus EZ, Holasek SJ. ‘An Apple a Day’?: Psychiatrists, Psychologists and Psychotherapists Report Poor Literacy for Nutritional Medicine: International Survey Spanning 52 Countries. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):822. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030822

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mörkl, Sabrina, Linda Stell, Diana V. Buhai, Melanie Schweinzer, Jolana Wagner-Skacel, Christian Vajda, Sonja Lackner, Susanne A. Bengesser, Theresa Lahousen, Annamaria Painold, Andreas Oberascher, Josef M. Tatschl, Matthäus Fellinger, Annabel Müller-Stierlin, Ana C. Serban, Joseph Ben-Sheetrit, Ana-Marija Vejnovic, Mary I. Butler, Vicent Balanzá-Martínez, Nikola Zaja, Polona Rus-Prelog, Robertas Strumila, Scott B. Teasdale, Eva Z. Reininghaus, and Sandra J. Holasek 2021. "‘An Apple a Day’?: Psychiatrists, Psychologists and Psychotherapists Report Poor Literacy for Nutritional Medicine: International Survey Spanning 52 Countries" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 822. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030822

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop