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Natural Bioactive Compounds Useful in Clinical Management of Metabolic Syndrome
Review

Vegan Diet Health Benefits in Metabolic Syndrome

1
UOC of Internal Medicine-Center of Hypertension and Nephrology Unit, Department of Systems Medicine, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
2
PhD School of Applied Medical, Surgical Sciences, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier 1, 00133 Rome, Italy
3
School of Specialization in Geriatrics, University of Rome Tor Vergata, 00133 Rome, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Winston Craig and Roberto Cangemi
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 817; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030817
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 9 February 2021 / Accepted: 25 February 2021 / Published: 2 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Association of Dietary Patterns with Metabolic Syndrome)
Plant-based diets (PBDs) are increasingly consumed by the Italian population and around the world. In particular, among PBDs, the vegan diet is a food pattern characterized by the exclusion of all animal-origin foods. What drives people to adopt this model are mainly ethical, health and environmental reasons. A vegan diet, if well-balanced and varied, can help in achieving and maintaining an optimal state of health. However, this nutritional approach, if not well-balanced, can cause deficiencies in proteins, ω-3 fatty acids, iron, vitamin D and calcium, zinc, iodine and, above all, vitamin B12. Oral food supplements especially fortified foods are recommended in these cases to restore the nutritional deficiencies. A vegan diet generally reduces the risk of developing chronic non-communicable degenerative diseases, such as metabolic syndrome (MetS) and, in addition, requires fewer natural resources for food production than an omnivorous diet. The aim of this review is to analyze the possible impact of the vegan diet on MetS onset and its treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: plant-based diet; vegan diet; dietary pattern; metabolic syndrome; cardiovascular disease; chronic non-communicable diseases plant-based diet; vegan diet; dietary pattern; metabolic syndrome; cardiovascular disease; chronic non-communicable diseases
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MDPI and ACS Style

Marrone, G.; Guerriero, C.; Palazzetti, D.; Lido, P.; Marolla, A.; Di Daniele, F.; Noce, A. Vegan Diet Health Benefits in Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients 2021, 13, 817. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030817

AMA Style

Marrone G, Guerriero C, Palazzetti D, Lido P, Marolla A, Di Daniele F, Noce A. Vegan Diet Health Benefits in Metabolic Syndrome. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):817. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030817

Chicago/Turabian Style

Marrone, Giulia, Cristina Guerriero, Daniela Palazzetti, Paolo Lido, Alessandro Marolla, Francesca Di Daniele, and Annalisa Noce. 2021. "Vegan Diet Health Benefits in Metabolic Syndrome" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 817. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030817

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