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Sarcopenia, Malnutrition, and Cachexia: Adapting Definitions and Terminology of Nutritional Disorders in Older People with Cancer

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Rehabilitation Research Group, Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute (IMIM), Dr. Aiguader, 88, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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PhD Program in Biomedicine, Department of Experimental and Health Sciences, Universitat Pompeu Fabra—Doctoral School, Dr. Aiguader, 88, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, National Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (INMFRE), Vía Centenario, Diagonal a la Universidad Tecnológica de Panamá, Panama City 0819, Panama
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Policlínica Manuel Váldes, Caja de Seguro Social (C.S.S.), Calle de Circunvalacion, Panama City 0844, Panama
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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department, Hospital de la Esperança-Parc de Salut Mar, Sant Josep de la Muntanya 12, 08024 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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School of Medicine, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, 08193 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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School of Medicine, Universitat International de Catalunya, c/Immaculada, 22, 08017 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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Endocrinology and Nutrition Department, Hospital del Mar-Parc de Salut Mar, Passeig Marítim de la Barceloneta, 25, 29, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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Clinical Research Unit, CHU Brugmann, Place Van Gehuchten 4, 1020 Brussels, Belgium
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Geriatrics Department, Centro Forum-Parc de Salut Mar, Llull 410, 08029 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
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WHO Collaborating Centre for Public Health Aspects of Musculo-Skeletal Health and Ageing, Division of Public Health, Epidemiology and Health Economics, University of Liège, CHU, Sart Tilman, Quartier Hôpital, Avenue Hippocrate 13 (Bât. B23), 4000 Liège, Belgium
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Paolo Pedrazzoli and Riccardo Caccialanza
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 761; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030761
Received: 19 December 2020 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 15 February 2021 / Published: 26 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Individualized Care for Malnourished Cancer Patients)
The recent publication of the revised Consensus on definition and diagnosis of sarcopenia (EWGSOP2) and the Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) criteria changed the approach to research on sarcopenia and malnutrition. Whilst sarcopenia is a nutrition-related disease, malnutrition and cachexia are nutritional disorders sharing the common feature of low fat-free mass. However, they have differential characteristics and etiologies, as well as specific therapeutic approaches. Applying the current definitions in clinical practice is still a challenge for health professionals and the potential for misdiagnosis is high. This is of special concern in the subgroup of older people with cancer, in which sarcopenia, malnutrition, and cancer cachexia are highly prevalent and can overlap or occur separately. The purpose of this review is to provide an updated overview of the latest research and consensus definitions of sarcopenia, malnutrition, and cachexia and to discuss their implications for clinical practice in older patients with cancer. The overall aim is to improve the quality of nutritional care in light of the latest findings. View Full-Text
Keywords: sarcopenia; malnutrition; cachexia; cancer; muscle mass; older people. sarcopenia; malnutrition; cachexia; cancer; muscle mass; older people.
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Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Meza-Valderrama, D.; Marco, E.; Dávalos-Yerovi, V.; Muns, M.D.; Tejero-Sánchez, M.; Duarte, E.; Sánchez-Rodríguez, D. Sarcopenia, Malnutrition, and Cachexia: Adapting Definitions and Terminology of Nutritional Disorders in Older People with Cancer. Nutrients 2021, 13, 761. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030761

AMA Style

Meza-Valderrama D, Marco E, Dávalos-Yerovi V, Muns MD, Tejero-Sánchez M, Duarte E, Sánchez-Rodríguez D. Sarcopenia, Malnutrition, and Cachexia: Adapting Definitions and Terminology of Nutritional Disorders in Older People with Cancer. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):761. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030761

Chicago/Turabian Style

Meza-Valderrama, Delky, Ester Marco, Vanesa Dávalos-Yerovi, Maria D. Muns, Marta Tejero-Sánchez, Esther Duarte, and Dolores Sánchez-Rodríguez. 2021. "Sarcopenia, Malnutrition, and Cachexia: Adapting Definitions and Terminology of Nutritional Disorders in Older People with Cancer" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 761. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030761

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