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The Relationship between Food Security Status and Fruit and Vegetable Intake during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Wayne State University, Science Hall 410 W Warren, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Jessica C. Kiefte-de Jong
Nutrients 2021, 13(3), 712; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030712
Received: 2 February 2021 / Revised: 18 February 2021 / Accepted: 19 February 2021 / Published: 24 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has drastically altered food shopping behaviors, and the resulting economic recession has caused a spike in food insecurity. Since food insecurity is associated with poor diet, especially low intake of fruits and vegetables, food-insecure individuals may disproportionately experience negative health impacts related to poor diet during the pandemic. To assess the relationship between food security status and fruit and vegetable intake during the COVID-19 pandemic, we conducted an online survey of adult residents of the US state of Michigan in June of 2020. Among the 484 survey respondents, 36.2% were classified as food-insecure. Food-insecure respondents consumed fruits and vegetables fewer times per day than food-secure respondents and were more likely to report decreasing their consumption of any type of fruits and vegetables (total, fresh, frozen, and canned) since the pandemic started. For those who reduced their purchase of fresh fruit and vegetable, reasons included poor quality, poor availability, high price, reduced store trips, and concerns of contamination. These findings highlight the need for adequate food assistance during the COVID-19 pandemic and in future pandemics, as well as public health messages that promote healthy eating. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; food insecurity; fruit; vegetable COVID-19; food insecurity; fruit; vegetable
MDPI and ACS Style

Litton, M.M.; Beavers, A.W. The Relationship between Food Security Status and Fruit and Vegetable Intake during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Nutrients 2021, 13, 712. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030712

AMA Style

Litton MM, Beavers AW. The Relationship between Food Security Status and Fruit and Vegetable Intake during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Nutrients. 2021; 13(3):712. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030712

Chicago/Turabian Style

Litton, Michelle M., and Alyssa W. Beavers 2021. "The Relationship between Food Security Status and Fruit and Vegetable Intake during the COVID-19 Pandemic" Nutrients 13, no. 3: 712. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13030712

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