Next Article in Journal
The “Fat but Fit” Paradigm and Bone Health in Young Adults: A Cluster Analysis
Previous Article in Journal
Role of Cachexia and Fragility in the Patient Candidate for Cardiac Surgery
Previous Article in Special Issue
Motivating Pulse-Centric Eating Patterns to Benefit Human and Environmental Well-Being
Review

Health Benefits of Plant-Based Nutrition: Focus on Beans in Cardiometabolic Diseases

by 1,2,3 and 1,2,*
1
Department of Nutrition, Food, and Exercise Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
2
Center for Advancing Exercise and Nutrition Research on Aging, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306, USA
3
Department of Family and Consumer Sciences--Leon County Extension Services, University of Florida Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Tallahassee, FL 32301, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: María-Teresa García Conesa
Nutrients 2021, 13(2), 519; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020519
Received: 18 December 2020 / Revised: 1 February 2021 / Accepted: 2 February 2021 / Published: 5 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Legumes in the Modulation of Chronic Diseases)
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, claiming over 650,000 American lives annually. Typically not a singular disease, CVD often coexists with dyslipidemia, hypertension, type-2 diabetes (T2D), chronic system-wide inflammation, and obesity. Obesity, an independent risk factor for both CVD and T2D, further worsens the problem, with over 42% of adults and 18.5% of youth in the U.S. categorized as such. Dietary behavior is a most important modifiable risk factor for controlling the onset and progression of obesity and related disease conditions. Plant-based eating patterns that include beans and legumes support health and disease mitigation through nutritional profile and bioactive compounds including phytochemical. This review focuses on the characteristics of beans and ability to improve obesity-related diseases and associated factors including excess body weight, gut microbiome environment, and low-grade inflammation. Additionally, there are growing data that link obesity to compromised immune response and elevated risk for complications from immune-related diseases. Body weight management and nutritional status may improve immune function and possibly prevent disease severity. Inclusion of beans as part of a plant-based dietary strategy imparts cardiovascular, metabolic, and colon protective effects; improves obesity, low-grade inflammation, and may play a role in immune-related disease risk management. View Full-Text
Keywords: CVD; type-2 diabetes; obesity; endothelial dysfunction; plant-based diet; bean; legumes; phytochemicals; SCFA CVD; type-2 diabetes; obesity; endothelial dysfunction; plant-based diet; bean; legumes; phytochemicals; SCFA
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mullins, A.P.; Arjmandi, B.H. Health Benefits of Plant-Based Nutrition: Focus on Beans in Cardiometabolic Diseases. Nutrients 2021, 13, 519. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020519

AMA Style

Mullins AP, Arjmandi BH. Health Benefits of Plant-Based Nutrition: Focus on Beans in Cardiometabolic Diseases. Nutrients. 2021; 13(2):519. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020519

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mullins, Amy P., and Bahram H. Arjmandi 2021. "Health Benefits of Plant-Based Nutrition: Focus on Beans in Cardiometabolic Diseases" Nutrients 13, no. 2: 519. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13020519

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop