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Article

Changes in Dietary Patterns through a Nutritional Intervention with a Traditional Atlantic Diet: The Galiat Randomized Controlled Trial

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Department of Laboratory Medicine, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Research Methods Group, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Primary Care Prevention and Health Promotion Network, Carlos III Health Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Unit of Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Pediatric Service, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Pediatric Nutrition Research Group, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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CIBEROBN, (Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition) Institute of Carlos III Health, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Unit of Investigation in Human Nutrition, Growth and Development of Galicia (GALINUT), University of Santiago de Compostela, 15782 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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A Estrada Primary Care Center, A Estrada, 36680 Pontevedra, Spain
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Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics Unit, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Santiago de Compostela, 15706 Santiago de Compostela, Spain
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Vladimir Vuksan
Nutrients 2021, 13(12), 4233; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124233 (registering DOI)
Received: 15 October 2021 / Revised: 22 November 2021 / Accepted: 24 November 2021 / Published: 25 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Unhealthy dietary patterns (DPs) can lead to cardiovascular and other chronic diseases. We assessed the effects of a community-focused intervention with a traditional Atlantic diet on changes in DPs in families and the associations of these changes with weight loss. The Galiat study is a randomized, controlled trial conducted in 250 families (720 adults and children) and performed at a primary care setting with the cooperation of multiple society sectors. Over 6 months, families randomized to the intervention group received educational sessions, cooking classes, written supporting material, and foods that form part of the Atlantic diet, whereas those randomized to the control group followed their habitual lifestyle. At baseline, five DPs that explained 30.1% of variance were identified: “Caloric”, “Frieds”, “Fruits, vegetables, and dairy products”, “Alcohol”, and “Fish and boiled meals.” Compared to the controls, the intervention group showed significant improvements in “Fruits, vegetables, and dairy products” and “Fish and boiled meals” and reductions in the “Caloric” and “Frieds”. Changes in bodyweight per unit increment of “Frieds” and “Fruits, vegetables, and dairy products” scores were 0.240 kg (95% CI, 0.050–0.429) and −0.184 kg (95% CI, −0.379–0.012), respectively. We found that a culturally appropriate diet improved DPs associated with weight loss. View Full-Text
Keywords: family-based randomized trial; Atlantic diet; community-focused dietary intervention; primary care; quadruple-helix; PCA; dietary patterns; body weight family-based randomized trial; Atlantic diet; community-focused dietary intervention; primary care; quadruple-helix; PCA; dietary patterns; body weight
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    Doi: 10.5281/zenodo.5568769
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    Description: Supplementary file 1: CONSORT checklist Supplementary file 2: TIDieR checklist Supplementary file 3 Table S1: Food groupings used in the dietary pattern analysis Supplementary file 4 Table S2. Dietary patterns scores (with their 95% confidence intervals) identified by principal component analysis, for intervention and control groups, at baseline and after 6-months (per-protocol data set) Supplementary file 5 Table S3. Baseline to 6-month mixed model estimates of mean change dietary pattern scores by randomization status (per-protocol data set)
MDPI and ACS Style

Calvo-Malvar, M.; Benítez-Estévez, A.J.; Leis, R.; Sánchez-Castro, J.; Gude, F. Changes in Dietary Patterns through a Nutritional Intervention with a Traditional Atlantic Diet: The Galiat Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients 2021, 13, 4233. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124233

AMA Style

Calvo-Malvar M, Benítez-Estévez AJ, Leis R, Sánchez-Castro J, Gude F. Changes in Dietary Patterns through a Nutritional Intervention with a Traditional Atlantic Diet: The Galiat Randomized Controlled Trial. Nutrients. 2021; 13(12):4233. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124233

Chicago/Turabian Style

Calvo-Malvar, Mar, Alfonso J. Benítez-Estévez, Rosaura Leis, Juan Sánchez-Castro, and Francisco Gude. 2021. "Changes in Dietary Patterns through a Nutritional Intervention with a Traditional Atlantic Diet: The Galiat Randomized Controlled Trial" Nutrients 13, no. 12: 4233. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13124233

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