Next Article in Journal
KDP, a Lactobacilli Product from Kimchi, Enhances Mucosal Immunity by Increasing Secretory IgA in Mice and Exhibits Antimicrobial Activity
Previous Article in Journal
Cereal Processing By-Products as Rich Sources of Phenolic Compounds and Their Potential Bioactivities
 
 
Review

Education Interventions to Improve Knowledge, Beliefs, Intentions and Practices with Respect to Dietary Supplements and Doping Substances: A Narrative Review

Department of Family Relations and Applied Nutrition, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road, Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2021, 13(11), 3935; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113935
Received: 7 September 2021 / Revised: 24 October 2021 / Accepted: 2 November 2021 / Published: 3 November 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Nutritional Policies and Education for Health Promotion)
The misuse of dietary supplements and doping substances is commonly associated with toxicity, nutritional imbalances, and health and psychological consequences. This is alarming especially in light of the increasing prevalence of the use of dietary supplements and doping, particularly among young adults including athletes. There is evidence that education interventions can lead to improved knowledge, intentions, and practices. However, no review has summarized and evaluated the effectiveness of such interventions. The aim of this article is to review the characteristics, contents and effects of education interventions that were designed and implemented to improve knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and intentions with respect to the use of dietary supplements and doping agents in different populations. PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, PsycInfo and Google Scholar were searched for English-language education interventions targeting dietary supplements and doping substances. A total of 20 articles were identified and have generally provided consistent findings. Most interventions reported a significant improvement in knowledge on dietary supplements and doping agents. Unfortunately, the heavy reliance on self-reported assessment tools limits the validity of these interventions, with almost all articles targeting athletes and adolescents. View Full-Text
Keywords: education interventions; knowledge; intention; practices; dietary supplements; doping substances; athletes; general population education interventions; knowledge; intention; practices; dietary supplements; doping substances; athletes; general population
MDPI and ACS Style

Daher, J.; El Khoury, D.; Dwyer, J.J.M. Education Interventions to Improve Knowledge, Beliefs, Intentions and Practices with Respect to Dietary Supplements and Doping Substances: A Narrative Review. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3935. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113935

AMA Style

Daher J, El Khoury D, Dwyer JJM. Education Interventions to Improve Knowledge, Beliefs, Intentions and Practices with Respect to Dietary Supplements and Doping Substances: A Narrative Review. Nutrients. 2021; 13(11):3935. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113935

Chicago/Turabian Style

Daher, Jana, Dalia El Khoury, and John J. M. Dwyer. 2021. "Education Interventions to Improve Knowledge, Beliefs, Intentions and Practices with Respect to Dietary Supplements and Doping Substances: A Narrative Review" Nutrients 13, no. 11: 3935. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13113935

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop