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Article

Untargeted Metabolomic Analysis of Human Milk from Mothers of Preterm Infants

1
Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA
2
Department of Pediatrics, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63104, USA
3
Metabolon, Inc., Morrisville, NC 27560, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Nadja Haiden
Nutrients 2021, 13(10), 3604; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103604
Received: 4 September 2021 / Revised: 5 October 2021 / Accepted: 9 October 2021 / Published: 14 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutritional Interventions of Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Newborns)
The application of metabolomics in neonatology offers an approach to investigate the complex relationship between nutrition and infant health. Characterization of the metabolome of human milk enables an investigation into nutrients that affect the neonatal metabolism and identification of dietary interventions for infants at risk of diseases such as necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In this study, we aimed to identify differences in the metabolome of breast milk of 48 mothers with preterm infants with NEC and non-NEC healthy controls. A minimum significant difference was observed in the human milk metabolome between the mothers of infants with NEC and mothers of healthy control infants. However, significant differences in the metabolome related to fatty acid metabolism, oligosaccharides, amino sugars, amino acids, vitamins and oxidative stress-related metabolites were observed when comparing milk from mothers with control infants of ≤1.0 kg birth weight and >1.5 kg birth weight. Understanding the functional biological features of mothers’ milk that may modulate infant health is important in the future of tailored nutrition and care of the preterm newborn. View Full-Text
Keywords: breast milk; necrotizing enterocolitis; metabolomics; metabolites; human milk; prematurity; newborn breast milk; necrotizing enterocolitis; metabolomics; metabolites; human milk; prematurity; newborn
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MDPI and ACS Style

Nolan, L.S.; Lewis, A.N.; Gong, Q.; Sollome, J.J.; DeWitt, O.N.; Williams, R.D.; Good, M. Untargeted Metabolomic Analysis of Human Milk from Mothers of Preterm Infants. Nutrients 2021, 13, 3604. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103604

AMA Style

Nolan LS, Lewis AN, Gong Q, Sollome JJ, DeWitt ON, Williams RD, Good M. Untargeted Metabolomic Analysis of Human Milk from Mothers of Preterm Infants. Nutrients. 2021; 13(10):3604. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103604

Chicago/Turabian Style

Nolan, Lila S., Angela N. Lewis, Qingqing Gong, James J. Sollome, Olivia N. DeWitt, Robert D. Williams, and Misty Good. 2021. "Untargeted Metabolomic Analysis of Human Milk from Mothers of Preterm Infants" Nutrients 13, no. 10: 3604. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13103604

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