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Article

Towards Win–Win Policies for Healthy and Sustainable Diets in Switzerland

1
Quantis SàRL, EPFL Innovation Park, Bat D, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
2
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, University of Michigan School of Public Health, 1415 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
3
Institute for Sociological Research, University of Geneva, Boulevard Pont d’Arve 40, 1204 Geneva, Switzerland
4
Institute of Earth Surface Dynamics, University of Lausanne, Geopolis Building, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2745; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092745
Received: 19 July 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 9 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Policies and Diet)
The first Swiss national dietary survey (MenuCH) was used to screen disease burdens and greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of Swiss diets (vegan, vegetarian, gluten-free, slimming), with a focus on gender and education level. The Health Nutritional Index (HENI), a novel disease burden-based nutritional index built on the Global Burden of Disease studies, was used to indicate healthiness using comparable, relative disease burden scores. Low whole grain consumption and high processed meat consumption are priority risk factors. Non-processed red meat and dairy make a nearly negligible contribution to disease burden scores, yet are key drivers of diet-related GHGs. Swiss diets, including vegetarian, ranged between 1.1–2.6 tons of CO2e/person/year, above the Swiss federal recommendation 0.6 ton CO2e/person/year for all consumption categories. This suggests that only changing food consumption practices will not suffice towards achieving carbon reduction targets: Systemic changes to food provisioning processes are also necessary. Finally, men with higher education had the highest dietary GHG emissions per gram of food, and the highest disease burden scores. Win–win policies to improve health and sustainability of Swiss diets would increase whole grain consumption for all, and decrease alcohol and processed meat consumption especially for men of higher education levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: disease burden; diet survey; vegetarian; vegan; sustainability; climate; gender disease burden; diet survey; vegetarian; vegan; sustainability; climate; gender
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ernstoff, A.; Stylianou, K.S.; Sahakian, M.; Godin, L.; Dauriat, A.; Humbert, S.; Erkman, S.; Jolliet, O. Towards Win–Win Policies for Healthy and Sustainable Diets in Switzerland. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2745. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092745

AMA Style

Ernstoff A, Stylianou KS, Sahakian M, Godin L, Dauriat A, Humbert S, Erkman S, Jolliet O. Towards Win–Win Policies for Healthy and Sustainable Diets in Switzerland. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2745. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092745

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ernstoff, Alexi, Katerina S. Stylianou, Marlyne Sahakian, Laurence Godin, Arnaud Dauriat, Sebastien Humbert, Suren Erkman, and Olivier Jolliet. 2020. "Towards Win–Win Policies for Healthy and Sustainable Diets in Switzerland" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2745. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092745

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