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Is a Healthy Diet Also Suitable for the Prevention of Fragility Fractures?
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Milk Consumption for the Prevention of Fragility Fractures

Department of Surgical Sciences, Orthopaedics, Uppsala University, SE-751 85 Uppsala, Sweden
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Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2720; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092720
Received: 13 August 2020 / Revised: 1 September 2020 / Accepted: 3 September 2020 / Published: 5 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Osteoporosis Prevention and Nutrition)
Results indicating that a high milk intake is associated with both higher and lower risks of fragility fractures, or that indicate no association, can all be presented in the same meta-analysis, depending on how it is performed. In this narrative review, we discuss the available studies examining milk intake in relation to fragility fractures, highlight potential problems with meta-analyses of such studies, and discuss potential mechanisms and biases underlying the different results. We conclude that studies examining milk and dairy intakes in relation to fragility fracture risk need to study the different milk products separately. Meta-analyses should consider the doses in the individual studies. Additional studies in populations with a large range of intake of fermented milk are warranted. View Full-Text
Keywords: milk; dairy; fragility fracture; hip fracture; observational studies; bias; nutritional epidemiology milk; dairy; fragility fracture; hip fracture; observational studies; bias; nutritional epidemiology
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MDPI and ACS Style

Byberg, L.; Warensjö Lemming, E. Milk Consumption for the Prevention of Fragility Fractures. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092720

AMA Style

Byberg L, Warensjö Lemming E. Milk Consumption for the Prevention of Fragility Fractures. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092720

Chicago/Turabian Style

Byberg, Liisa, and Eva Warensjö Lemming. 2020. "Milk Consumption for the Prevention of Fragility Fractures" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2720. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092720

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