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Article

Dietary Choices of New Zealand Women during Pregnancy and Lactation

School of Sport, Exercise and Nutrition, College of Health, Massey University, Auckland 0745, New Zealand
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Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2692; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092692
Received: 21 July 2020 / Revised: 25 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 3 September 2020
Dietary recommendations during pregnancy and lactation have become increasingly complex, and sources of information more numerous but not always reliable, potentially causing confusion and unsafe choices. Women were recruited during pregnancy or within six months postpartum and completed questionnaires on dietary choices, food safety, and sources of nutrition information. Women (n = 458) from around New Zealand participated in the study. They consumed a wide range of foods and beverages and reported various dietary changes. In pregnancy, women commonly avoided alcohol (92%), raw milk products (86%), and raw, smoked, or pre-cooked seafood and fish (84%), and made changes due to food safety concerns. Influential advice was acquired from a range of sources including midwives (37%) and the New Zealand pregnancy and breastfeeding guidelines (25%) during pregnancy. Food avoidance was less common in lactation. However, fewer women consumed milk products during lactation (64%) than pregnancy (93%). Potentially unreliable sources were used more frequently in lactation including alternative health practitioners (26%) and family or friends (12%), and dietary changes were often made in response to infant symptoms without supporting evidence. This study highlighted a need for good communication of evidence-based recommendations to women, especially during lactation. View Full-Text
Keywords: New Zealand; pregnancy; lactation; dietary choices; food safety; information sources New Zealand; pregnancy; lactation; dietary choices; food safety; information sources
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MDPI and ACS Style

Brown, K.; von Hurst, P.; Rapson, J.; Conlon, C. Dietary Choices of New Zealand Women during Pregnancy and Lactation. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2692. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092692

AMA Style

Brown K, von Hurst P, Rapson J, Conlon C. Dietary Choices of New Zealand Women during Pregnancy and Lactation. Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2692. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092692

Chicago/Turabian Style

Brown, Kimberley, Pamela von Hurst, Jeanette Rapson, and Cathryn Conlon. 2020. "Dietary Choices of New Zealand Women during Pregnancy and Lactation" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2692. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092692

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