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Review

A Call to Action: Now Is the Time to Screen Elderly and Treat Osteosarcopenia, a Position Paper of the Italian College of Academic Nutritionists MED/49 (ICAN-49)

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Department of Clinical and Experiment Medicine, University of Catanzaro Magna Grecia, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
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Department of Experimental Medicine, University of la Sapienza, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Experiment Medicine, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia, 86-95123 Catania, Italy
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Department of Biomedical and Biotechnology Science, University of Catania, Via Santa Sofia, 86-95123 Catania, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Experiment Medicine, University of Pisa, Lungarno Antonio Pacinotti, 43, 56126 Pisa, Italy
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Department of Medical and Surgical Science, University of Bologna, Via Pupilli, 1, 40136 Bologna, Italy
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Department of Food, Nutrition and Environment Science, University of Milan, Via Festa del Perdono, 7, 20122 Milano, Italy
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Department of Clinical and Experiment Medicine, University of Naples Federico II, Corso Umberto I, 40, 80138 Napoli, Italy
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Department of Health Science, University of Catanzaro Magna Grecia, Viale Europa, 88100 Catanzaro, Italy
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Department of Medicine and Health Science, University of Molise, Via F. De Sanctis, 86100 Campobasso, Italy
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Department of Bioscience and food technology, University of Teramo, Via Renato Balzarini, 1, 64100 Teramo, Italy
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Department of Public Health, University of Pavia, Corso Str. Nuova, 65, 27100 Pavia, Italy
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Biomedicine and Prevention, University of Tor Vergata, Via Montpellier, 1, 00133 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Equal contribution.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2662; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092662
Received: 3 August 2020 / Revised: 24 August 2020 / Accepted: 28 August 2020 / Published: 31 August 2020
Aging is a risk factor for the development of multiple chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, cancer and dementia. Life expectancy has increased in certain countries but this phenomenon is associated with a reduction of years of healthy life. Aging is associated with a number of physical and functional changes, especially sarcopenia. Sarcopenia is a clinical condition associated with a decrease in skeletal muscle and muscle strength, however, sarcopenia is a reversible condition. On the basis of the current scientific literature, sarcopenia could more appropriately capture an individual’s vulnerability to negative health-related outcomes since it represents an early form of the chronic diseases. Recognition of this clinical condition can improve the management of older individuals in many different clinical settings. Despite the limitations of the indirect methods used to study body composition, the Italian College of the Academic Nutritionists ME/49 recommends that health authorities and health professionals around the world should make a greater effort to diagnose sarcopenia earlier and to manage it more effectively. In line with the development of cancer screening, the use of two diagnostic tools for sarcopenia (BIA and DXA) should be implemented. View Full-Text
Keywords: sarcopenia; muscle mass; handgrip strength; elderly; fractures; osteoporosis; chronic diseases; mortality; DXA; bioelectrical impedance analysis sarcopenia; muscle mass; handgrip strength; elderly; fractures; osteoporosis; chronic diseases; mortality; DXA; bioelectrical impedance analysis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montalcini, T.; Pujia, A.; Donini, L.M.; Frittitta, L.; Galvano, F.; Natali, A.; Pironi, L.; Porrini, M.; Riso, P.; Rivellese, A.A.; Russo, D.; Scapagnini, G.; Serafini, M.; Tagliabue, A.; De Lorenzo, A. A Call to Action: Now Is the Time to Screen Elderly and Treat Osteosarcopenia, a Position Paper of the Italian College of Academic Nutritionists MED/49 (ICAN-49). Nutrients 2020, 12, 2662. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092662

AMA Style

Montalcini T, Pujia A, Donini LM, Frittitta L, Galvano F, Natali A, Pironi L, Porrini M, Riso P, Rivellese AA, Russo D, Scapagnini G, Serafini M, Tagliabue A, De Lorenzo A. A Call to Action: Now Is the Time to Screen Elderly and Treat Osteosarcopenia, a Position Paper of the Italian College of Academic Nutritionists MED/49 (ICAN-49). Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2662. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092662

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montalcini, Tiziana, Arturo Pujia, Lorenzo M. Donini, Lucia Frittitta, Fabio Galvano, Andrea Natali, Loris Pironi, Marisa Porrini, Patrizia Riso, Angela A. Rivellese, Diego Russo, Giovanni Scapagnini, Mauro Serafini, Anna Tagliabue, and Antonino De Lorenzo. 2020. "A Call to Action: Now Is the Time to Screen Elderly and Treat Osteosarcopenia, a Position Paper of the Italian College of Academic Nutritionists MED/49 (ICAN-49)" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2662. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092662

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