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Article

Coffee Intake and Neurocognitive Performance in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH)

1
Aix Marseille Univ, INSERM, IRD, SESSTIM, Sciences Économiques & Sociales de la Santé & Traitement de l’Information Médicale, 13385 Marseille, France
2
ORS PACA, Observatoire Régional de la Santé Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, 13385 Marseille, France
3
Service de Médecine Interne et Maladies Infectieuses, CHU de Bordeaux, Université de Bordeaux, 33000 Bordeaux, France
4
ISPED, Inserm, Bordeaux Population Health Research Center, Team MORPH3EUS, UMR 1219, CIC-EC 1401, University of Bordeaux, F-33000 Bordeaux, France
5
CHU de Bordeaux, Pole de Sante Publique, F-33000 Bordeaux, France
6
Université Paris Descartes, 75006 Paris, France
7
Service Maladies Infectieuses et Tropicales, AP-HP, Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Hôtel Dieu, 75014 Paris, France
8
Service d’Hépatologie, Groupe Hospitalier Cochin Hôtel Dieu, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, 75014 Paris, France
9
UMRS 1018, Paris-Saclay University, 94807 Villejuif, France
10
Centre Pierre Nicole, French Red Cross, 75005 Paris, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membership of the ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH Study Group is provided in the Acknowledgments.
Nutrients 2020, 12(9), 2532; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092532
Received: 9 July 2020 / Revised: 11 August 2020 / Accepted: 12 August 2020 / Published: 21 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coffee and Caffeine Consumption for Human Health)
Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide. Previous research has demonstrated its neuroprotective effects in the elderly. People coinfected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) experience an accelerated aging process and cognitive impairment, which significantly impair quality of life and may affect disease-related dimensions such as treatment adherence. This study aimed to analyse the relationship between regular coffee intake and neurocognitive performance (NCP) in HIV-HCV coinfected people. We used data from 139 coinfected patients who participated in both the ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH cohort and the HEPAVIH-Psy cross-sectional survey. Linear regression models adjusting for potential sociodemographic (age, gender, educational level), clinical (liver disease status, ongoing HCV treatment, HIV viral load, major depressive disorder) and socio-behavioural (cannabis use) correlates of NCP were used. Our results showed significant, positive associations between elevated coffee intake (ECI) (three or more cups of coffee per day) and NCP in verbal fluency, psychomotor speed (coding) and executive functioning. ECI might therefore preserve neurocognitive functioning in people living with HIV and HCV. View Full-Text
Keywords: coffee; hepatitis C; HIV; neurocognitive disorders coffee; hepatitis C; HIV; neurocognitive disorders
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MDPI and ACS Style

Antwerpes, S.; Protopopescu, C.; Morlat, P.; Marcellin, F.; Wittkop, L.; Di Beo, V.; Salmon-Céron, D.; Sogni, P.; Michel, L.; Carrieri, M.P.; the ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH Study Group. Coffee Intake and Neurocognitive Performance in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH). Nutrients 2020, 12, 2532. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092532

AMA Style

Antwerpes S, Protopopescu C, Morlat P, Marcellin F, Wittkop L, Di Beo V, Salmon-Céron D, Sogni P, Michel L, Carrieri MP, the ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH Study Group. Coffee Intake and Neurocognitive Performance in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH). Nutrients. 2020; 12(9):2532. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092532

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antwerpes, Saskia, Camelia Protopopescu, Philippe Morlat, Fabienne Marcellin, Linda Wittkop, Vincent Di Beo, Dominique Salmon-Céron, Philippe Sogni, Laurent Michel, Maria P. Carrieri, and the ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH Study Group. 2020. "Coffee Intake and Neurocognitive Performance in HIV/HCV Coinfected Patients (ANRS CO13 HEPAVIH)" Nutrients 12, no. 9: 2532. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12092532

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