Next Article in Journal
Sex-Specific Differences in the Gut Microbiome in Response to Dietary Fiber Supplementation in IL-10-Deficient Mice
Previous Article in Journal
Home Enteral Nutrition in Adults—Nationwide Multicenter Survey
Article

Reproducibility and Validity of a Food Frequency Questionnaire for Dietary Assessment in Adolescents in a Self-Reported Way

1
Alicante Institute for Health and Biomedical Research, ISABIAL-UMH, 03010-Alicante, Spain
2
Spanish Consortium for Research on Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, 28009 Madrid, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria de Granada (ibs.GRANADA), 18012 Granada, Spain
4
Department of Radiology, School of Medicine, and Center for Biomedical Research, University of Granada, 18071 Granada, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 2081; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072081
Received: 29 May 2020 / Revised: 5 July 2020 / Accepted: 12 July 2020 / Published: 14 July 2020
Tools to assess diet in a reliable and efficient way are needed, particularly in children and adolescents. In this study, we assess the reproducibility and validity of a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) among adolescents in Spain. We analyzed data of 51 male adolescents aged 15–17 years from a prospective birth cohort study. Participants answered the FFQ twice in a self-administered way over a 12-month period. Reproducibility was assessed by comparing nutrient and food intakes from the FFQs, and validity by comparing nutrient intakes from the average of two FFQs and the average of two 24-Hour Dietary Recalls obtained in the period. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated. The average of reproducibility correlation coefficients for food group intakes was 0.33, with the highest correlation for vegetable intake (r = 0.81); and the average for nutrient intake was 0.32, with the highest coefficients for α- and β-carotene (r = 0.65). Validity correlation coefficients ranged from 0.07 for carbohydrates to 0.53 for dietary fiber. The average of the validity correlation coefficients was r = 0.32. This study suggests that our FFQ may be a useful tool for assessing dietary intake of most nutrient and food groups among Spanish male adolescents in a self-administered way, despite reproducibility and, particularly validity, being low for some nutrients and food groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; nutrient intake; reproducibility; validity; food frequency questionnaire; dietary food record; adolescent; Mediterranean country diet; nutrient intake; reproducibility; validity; food frequency questionnaire; dietary food record; adolescent; Mediterranean country
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Notario-Barandiaran, L.; Freire, C.; García-de-la-Hera, M.; Compañ-Gabucio, L.M.; Torres-Collado, L.; González-Palacios, S.; Mundo, A.; Molina, M.; Fernández, M.F.; Vioque, J. Reproducibility and Validity of a Food Frequency Questionnaire for Dietary Assessment in Adolescents in a Self-Reported Way. Nutrients 2020, 12, 2081. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072081

AMA Style

Notario-Barandiaran L, Freire C, García-de-la-Hera M, Compañ-Gabucio LM, Torres-Collado L, González-Palacios S, Mundo A, Molina M, Fernández MF, Vioque J. Reproducibility and Validity of a Food Frequency Questionnaire for Dietary Assessment in Adolescents in a Self-Reported Way. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):2081. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072081

Chicago/Turabian Style

Notario-Barandiaran, Leyre, Carmen Freire, Manuela García-de-la-Hera, Laura M. Compañ-Gabucio, Laura Torres-Collado, Sandra González-Palacios, Antonio Mundo, Marina Molina, Mariana F. Fernández, and Jesús Vioque. 2020. "Reproducibility and Validity of a Food Frequency Questionnaire for Dietary Assessment in Adolescents in a Self-Reported Way" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 2081. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12072081

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop