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A Comprehensive Critical Assessment of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Weight Loss in Women

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Nutrition Science Solutions, LLC, 900 S Rainbow Ranch Rd, Wimberley, TX 78676, USA
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Avocado Nutrition Center, 25212 Marguerite Pkwy Ste. 250, Mission Viejo, CA 92692, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(7), 1919; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071919
Received: 2 June 2020 / Revised: 23 June 2020 / Accepted: 24 June 2020 / Published: 29 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
No previous reviews or meta-analyses have specifically assessed the effects of increased fruit and vegetable (FV) intake on weight loss with a primary focus on women. Several studies show differences between men and women in how increased FV intake affects their weight loss and maintenance, risk of becoming overweight or obese, and the influence of eating speed and frequency on weight control. This analysis provides a comprehensive and visual assessment of the effects of increasing FV intake and long-term weight change from observational studies and weight loss from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in women. Consistent evidence from prospective studies and RCTs shows that increased intake of FV is a chief contributor to weight loss in women. This effect is enhanced with concurrent dietary restriction of high energy density (ED) or high-fat foods. Yet, the type of FV differentially impacts weight loss in women. Whole FV intake may influence weight through a variety of mechanisms including a reduction in eating rate, providing a satisfying, very-low to low energy density, low glycemic load or low-fat content. Also, FV are the primary source of dietary fiber, which can provide additional support for weight loss in women when consumed at adequate levels. View Full-Text
Keywords: women; fruit; vegetables; legumes; weight; body mass index; adiposity; waist circumference; energy density; glycemic load; prospective cohort studies; randomized controlled trials women; fruit; vegetables; legumes; weight; body mass index; adiposity; waist circumference; energy density; glycemic load; prospective cohort studies; randomized controlled trials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dreher, M.L.; Ford, N.A. A Comprehensive Critical Assessment of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Weight Loss in Women. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1919. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071919

AMA Style

Dreher ML, Ford NA. A Comprehensive Critical Assessment of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Weight Loss in Women. Nutrients. 2020; 12(7):1919. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071919

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dreher, Mark L., and Nikki A. Ford 2020. "A Comprehensive Critical Assessment of Increased Fruit and Vegetable Intake on Weight Loss in Women" Nutrients 12, no. 7: 1919. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12071919

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