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Covid-19 Confinement and Changes of Adolescent’s Dietary Trends in Italy, Spain, Chile, Colombia and Brazil

1
Laboratory of Epigenetics of Lipid Metabolism, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies (IMDEA)-Food, CEI UAM + CSIC, 28049 Madrid, Spain
2
Instituto de Nutrição Josué de Castro, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-902, Brazil
3
Instituto de Puericultura e Pediatria Martagão Gesteira, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 21941-902, Brazil
4
Centro de Vida Saludable, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Biobío, Chile
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Departamento de Bioquímica Clínica e Inmunología, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Chile
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Department of Molecular Medicine, University of Padova, I-35100 Padua, Italy
7
Research Group in Innovation and Agricultural and Agroindustrial Development, University of Cartagena, Cartagena de Indias 48-152, Colombia
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Departamento de Nutrición y Dietética, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad de Concepción, Concepción 4070386, Chile
9
Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, National School of Public Health, Rio de Janeiro 21041-210, Brazil
10
Laboratory of Functional Foods, Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies Food (IMDEA Food), CEI UAM + CSIC, 28049 Madrid, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1807; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061807
Received: 26 May 2020 / Revised: 8 June 2020 / Accepted: 9 June 2020 / Published: 17 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition within and beyond Corona Virus)
Confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic can influence dietary profiles, especially those of adolescents, who are highly susceptible to acquiring bad eating habits. Adolescents’ poor dietary habits increase their subsequent risk of degenerative diseases such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular pathologies, etc. Our aim was to study nutritional modifications during COVID-19 confinement in adolescents aged 10 to 19 years, compare them with their usual diet and dietary guidelines, and identify variables that may have influenced changes. Data were collected by an anonymous online questionnaire on food intake among 820 adolescents from Spain, Italy, Brazil, Colombia, and Chile. The results show that COVID-19 confinement did influence their dietary habits. In particular, we recorded modified consumption of fried food, sweet food, legumes, vegetables, and fruits. Moreover, gender, family members at home, watching TV during mealtime, country of residence, and maternal education were diversely correlated with adequate nutrition during COVID-19 confinement. Understanding the adolescents’ nutrition behavior during COVID-19 lockdown will help public health authorities reshape future policies on their nutritional recommendations, in preparation for future pandemics. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; adolescents; diet; questionnaire; lifestyle; e-survey COVID-19; adolescents; diet; questionnaire; lifestyle; e-survey
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ruiz-Roso, M.B.; de Carvalho Padilha, P.; Mantilla-Escalante, D.C.; Ulloa, N.; Brun, P.; Acevedo-Correa, D.; Arantes Ferreira Peres, W.; Martorell, M.; Aires, M.T.; de Oliveira Cardoso, L.; Carrasco-Marín, F.; Paternina-Sierra, K.; Rodriguez-Meza, J.E.; Montero, P.M.; Bernabè, G.; Pauletto, A.; Taci, X.; Visioli, F.; Dávalos, A. Covid-19 Confinement and Changes of Adolescent’s Dietary Trends in Italy, Spain, Chile, Colombia and Brazil. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1807. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061807

AMA Style

Ruiz-Roso MB, de Carvalho Padilha P, Mantilla-Escalante DC, Ulloa N, Brun P, Acevedo-Correa D, Arantes Ferreira Peres W, Martorell M, Aires MT, de Oliveira Cardoso L, Carrasco-Marín F, Paternina-Sierra K, Rodriguez-Meza JE, Montero PM, Bernabè G, Pauletto A, Taci X, Visioli F, Dávalos A. Covid-19 Confinement and Changes of Adolescent’s Dietary Trends in Italy, Spain, Chile, Colombia and Brazil. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1807. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061807

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ruiz-Roso, María B.; de Carvalho Padilha, Patricia; Mantilla-Escalante, Diana C.; Ulloa, Natalia; Brun, Paola; Acevedo-Correa, Diofanor; Arantes Ferreira Peres, Wilza; Martorell, Miquel; Aires, Mariana T.; de Oliveira Cardoso, Letícia; Carrasco-Marín, Fernanda; Paternina-Sierra, Katherine; Rodriguez-Meza, Jhon E.; Montero, Piedad M.; Bernabè, Giulia; Pauletto, Anthony; Taci, Xhoajda; Visioli, Francesco; Dávalos, Alberto. 2020. "Covid-19 Confinement and Changes of Adolescent’s Dietary Trends in Italy, Spain, Chile, Colombia and Brazil" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1807. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061807

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