Next Article in Journal
The Effect of a 2-Week Red Ginseng Supplementation on Food Efficiency and Energy Metabolism in Mice
Next Article in Special Issue
Carbohydrate Intake in Early Childhood and Body Composition and Metabolic Health: Results from the Generation R Study
Previous Article in Journal
Profiles of Human Milk Oligosaccharides and Their Relations to the Milk Microbiota of Breastfeeding Mothers in Dubai
Article

Total and Free Sugars Consumption in a Slovenian Population Representative Sample

1
Nutrition Institute, Tržaška cesta 40, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
2
Department of Food Science and Technology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
3
National Institute of Public Health, Trubarjeva 2, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
4
Computer Systems Department, Jožef Stefan Institute, 1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
5
Department of Nutrition, Harvard Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
6
Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, University Children’s Hospital, University Medical Centre Ljubljana, Bohoričeva ulica 22a, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
7
VIST—Higher School of Applied Sciences, Gerbičeva cesta 51A, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1729; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061729
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 5 June 2020 / Published: 9 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sugary Food Consumption and Its Impact on Health)
Excessive free sugars consumption is associated with poor health outcomes. Thus, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends limiting free sugars intake to no more than 10% of total energy intake. To evaluate current intakes of dietary sugars and monitor the adherence to the guidelines, the objective of this study was to comprehensively assess total and free sugars consumption of different age groups within the Slovenian population. The Slovenian national food consumption survey SI.Menu 2017/18 was conducted on representative samples of adolescents (10–17 years), adults (18–64 years), and the elderly (65–74 years) using two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls. The analyses were carried out on a sample of 1248 study participants. Free sugars content in food was estimated based on previously established databases. The population weighted median free sugars intake accounted for 10.1% of total energy intake (TEI) among adolescents, 6.4% among adults, and 6.5% in the elderly population. Both total and free sugars consumption in the percentage of TEI were higher among women than men, in participants with lower education, and those with higher family net income. The main sources of free sugars in adolescents were beverages, cakes, muffins, pastry, and dairy products; for adults and the elderly, the key sources of free sugars were beverages, cakes, muffins, pastry, and sugars, honey, and related products. A total of 56% of adolescents, 84% of adults, and 81% of the elderly population adhered to the WHO free sugars guidelines. Additional measures will be required to further decrease free sugars consumption among the teenage population, in which dietary patterns are still of greatest concern. View Full-Text
Keywords: free sugars; sugars intake; dietary intake; 24-h recall; nutrition survey; public health; EU Menu; Slovenia free sugars; sugars intake; dietary intake; 24-h recall; nutrition survey; public health; EU Menu; Slovenia
MDPI and ACS Style

Zupanič, N.; Hristov, H.; Gregorič, M.; Blaznik, U.; Delfar, N.; Koroušić Seljak, B.; Ding, E.L.; Fidler Mis, N.; Pravst, I. Total and Free Sugars Consumption in a Slovenian Population Representative Sample. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1729. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061729

AMA Style

Zupanič N, Hristov H, Gregorič M, Blaznik U, Delfar N, Koroušić Seljak B, Ding EL, Fidler Mis N, Pravst I. Total and Free Sugars Consumption in a Slovenian Population Representative Sample. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1729. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061729

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zupanič, Nina, Hristo Hristov, Matej Gregorič, Urška Blaznik, Nataša Delfar, Barbara Koroušić Seljak, Eric L. Ding, Nataša Fidler Mis, and Igor Pravst. 2020. "Total and Free Sugars Consumption in a Slovenian Population Representative Sample" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1729. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061729

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop