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Article

Dietary Diversity and Prostate Cancer in a Spanish Adult Population: CAPLIFE Study

1
Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, University of Granada, 18016 Granada, Spain
2
Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health (CIBERESP), 28029 Madrid, Spain
3
Instituto de Investigación Biosanitaria (ibs.GRANADA), 18014 Granada, Spain
4
Urology Department, Virgen de las Nieves University Hospital, 18014 Granada, Spain
5
Urology Department, San Cecilio University Hospital, 18016 Granada, Spain
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Primary Care Center Zaidin Sur, Granada Metropolitan Sanitary District, 18007 Granada, Spain
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1694; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061694
Received: 7 April 2020 / Revised: 4 June 2020 / Accepted: 4 June 2020 / Published: 6 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Nutrition Status and Health)
Dietary diversity (DD) is a key component of a high-quality diet, providing the adequate nutrient requirements. However, the role of DD on prostate cancer (PCa) is still uncertain. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between DD, adequate nutrient intake and PCa, according to the aggressiveness of the tumor. The CAPLIFE (CAP: prostate cancer; LIFE: lifestyles) study is a population-based case-control study including a total of 402 incident PCa cases and 302 controls. The DD score (DDS), adjusted by total energy intake, was collected through a validated food frequency questionnaire. Nutrient adequacy was defined according to European Dietary Recommendation Intake for men. The aggressiveness of PCa was determined according to the International Society of Urology Pathology classification. The association between DDS, nutrient intake and PCa was assessed by logistic regression models with adjustment for potential confounding factors. DDS was similar for PCa cases and controls, independent of PCa aggressiveness. According to each food group DDS, the protein group showed the highest mean score in all the subgroups analyzed. However, no differences were observed for each of the DDS components. The DDS, the variety of the group’s food intake, and the adequate nutrient intake, were not associated with PCa. View Full-Text
Keywords: prostate cancer; dietary diversity; nutrient adequacy; CAPLIFE study; case-control study prostate cancer; dietary diversity; nutrient adequacy; CAPLIFE study; case-control study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Cano-Ibáñez, N.; Barrios-Rodríguez, R.; Lozano-Lorca, M.; Vázquez-Alonso, F.; Arrabal-Martín, M.; Triviño-Juárez, J.M.; Salcedo-Bellido, I.; Jiménez-Moleón, J.J.; Olmedo-Requena, R. Dietary Diversity and Prostate Cancer in a Spanish Adult Population: CAPLIFE Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1694. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061694

AMA Style

Cano-Ibáñez N, Barrios-Rodríguez R, Lozano-Lorca M, Vázquez-Alonso F, Arrabal-Martín M, Triviño-Juárez JM, Salcedo-Bellido I, Jiménez-Moleón JJ, Olmedo-Requena R. Dietary Diversity and Prostate Cancer in a Spanish Adult Population: CAPLIFE Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1694. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061694

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cano-Ibáñez, Naomi, Rocío Barrios-Rodríguez, Macarena Lozano-Lorca, Fernando Vázquez-Alonso, Miguel Arrabal-Martín, José Matías Triviño-Juárez, Inmaculada Salcedo-Bellido, José Juan Jiménez-Moleón, and Rocío Olmedo-Requena. 2020. "Dietary Diversity and Prostate Cancer in a Spanish Adult Population: CAPLIFE Study" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1694. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061694

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