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The Impact of Diet on Microbiota Evolution and Human Health. Is Diet an Adequate Tool for Microbiota Modulation?

Multiple Sclerosis Group, Neurosciences Area, Biodonostia Health Research Institute, C. P. 20014 Donostia-San Sebastián, Spain
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Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1654; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061654
Received: 29 April 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 31 May 2020 / Published: 2 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Diet and Microbiome in Health and Aging)
The human microbiome is emerging as an interesting field in research into the prevention of health problems and recovery from illness in humans. The complex ecosystem formed by the microbiota is continuously interacting with its host and the environment. Diet could be assumed to be one of the most prominent factors influencing the microbiota composition. Nevertheless, and in spite of numerous strategies proposed to modulate the human microbiota through dietary means, guidelines to achieve this goal have yet to be established. This review assesses the correlation between social and dietary changes over the course of human evolution and the adaptation of the human microbiota to those changes. In addition, it discusses the main dietary strategies for modulating the microbiota and the difficulties of putting them properly into practice. View Full-Text
Keywords: gut microbiota; Western diet; chronic disease; prebiotic; probiotic gut microbiota; Western diet; chronic disease; prebiotic; probiotic
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MDPI and ACS Style

Moles, L.; Otaegui, D. The Impact of Diet on Microbiota Evolution and Human Health. Is Diet an Adequate Tool for Microbiota Modulation? Nutrients 2020, 12, 1654. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061654

AMA Style

Moles L, Otaegui D. The Impact of Diet on Microbiota Evolution and Human Health. Is Diet an Adequate Tool for Microbiota Modulation? Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1654. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061654

Chicago/Turabian Style

Moles, Laura; Otaegui, David. 2020. "The Impact of Diet on Microbiota Evolution and Human Health. Is Diet an Adequate Tool for Microbiota Modulation?" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1654. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061654

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