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Open AccessArticle

Plate Waste Generated by Spanish Households and Out-of-Home Consumption: Results from the ANIBES Study

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Departamento de Ciencias Farmacéuticas y de la Salud, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad San Pablo-CEU, CEU Universities, Urbanización Montepríncipe, 28925 Alcorcón, Madrid, Spain
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CIBERESP (Consortium for Biomedical Research in Epidemiology and Public Health), 28029 Madrid, Spain
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National Center for Epidemiology, Carlos III Institute of Health, Avda. Monforte de Lemos, 5, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Spanish Nutrition Foundation (FEN), 28010 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, Pamplona, 31009 Navarra, Spain
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Department of Physiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU), 48940 Leioa, Vizcaya, Spain
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CIBEROBN, Biomedical Research Networking Center for Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, Carlos III Health Institute, 28029 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology II and Institute of Nutrition and Food Sciences, University of Granada, 18010 Granada, Spain
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ImFINE Research Group, Department of Health and Human Performance, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Faculty of Pharmacy, Madrid Complutense University, 28040 Madrid, Spain
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Research Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35016 Las Palmas, Spain
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Service of Preventive Medicine, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario Insular Materno Infantil (CHUIMI), Canary Health Service, Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35016 Las Palmas, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2020, 12(6), 1641; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061641
Received: 17 April 2020 / Revised: 23 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 2 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Nutrition and Public Health)
Food waste is a major environmental issue that must be tackled in order to achieve a sustainable food supply chain. Currently, in Spain there are no studies that examine the amounts and sources of plate waste (PW) produced by both household and out-of-home consumption. The present study aims to provide this information from a representative sample from the Spanish population. A total of 2009 individuals aged 9–75 years, from the ANIBES study (“anthropometric data, macronutrients and micronutrients intake, practice of physical activity, socioeconomic data and lifestyles in Spain”), completed a three-day dietary record, collected by a tablet device. Photographs of all foods and beverages consumed both at home and outside were taken before and after meals. Median PW across the total population was 7.3 (0.0–37.3) g/day and was significantly higher in females than males (p < 0.05) and in children vs. adolescents, adults, and elderly (p < 0.01). Regarding meals, PW across all age groups was higher at lunch (40%), dinner (27%), and breakfast (11%). The highest PW was observed for bread (25%) main courses (16%), first and second courses (15%), vegetables and fruits (12%), ready-to-eat meals (10%), cereals and grains (10%), oils and fats (10%), pulses (10%), meat products (8%), sauces and condiments (8%), and starters (8%). Our results reinforce the need for new strategies to focus on reducing plate leftovers, which are crucial from a nutritional, economic, and environmental point of view. Additionally, this evidence is important for relying on more accurate information on actual intakes when using dietary surveys. View Full-Text
Keywords: plate waste; leftovers; food losses; catering services; household consumption; ANIBES Study plate waste; leftovers; food losses; catering services; household consumption; ANIBES Study
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MDPI and ACS Style

Partearroyo, T.; Samaniego-Vaesken, M.d.L.; Ruiz, E.; Aranceta-Bartrina, J.; Gil, Á.; González-Gross, M.; Ortega, R.M.; Serra-Majem, L.; Varela-Moreiras, G. Plate Waste Generated by Spanish Households and Out-of-Home Consumption: Results from the ANIBES Study. Nutrients 2020, 12, 1641. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061641

AMA Style

Partearroyo T, Samaniego-Vaesken MdL, Ruiz E, Aranceta-Bartrina J, Gil Á, González-Gross M, Ortega RM, Serra-Majem L, Varela-Moreiras G. Plate Waste Generated by Spanish Households and Out-of-Home Consumption: Results from the ANIBES Study. Nutrients. 2020; 12(6):1641. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061641

Chicago/Turabian Style

Partearroyo, Teresa; Samaniego-Vaesken, Mª d.L.; Ruiz, Emma; Aranceta-Bartrina, Javier; Gil, Ángel; González-Gross, Marcela; Ortega, Rosa M.; Serra-Majem, Lluis; Varela-Moreiras, Gregorio. 2020. "Plate Waste Generated by Spanish Households and Out-of-Home Consumption: Results from the ANIBES Study" Nutrients 12, no. 6: 1641. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu12061641

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